Brazilian Portuguese Terminology

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Este é o começo do Glossário do Inkscape. Por favor respeite este documento e contribua com ele se você trabalha com a interface de usuário do Inskcape. Se você está envolvido com traduções do Inkscape, por favor crie e adicione um glossário semelhante em seu idioma nativo na lista Template:ListTerminology.

Other languages: العربية Català Česky Deutsch English Español Français Italiano 日本語 한국어 Português Português do Brasil Русский Slovenčina 中文


Geral

Uma boa referência do vocabulário SVG está disponível em Site padrão do SVG (hospedado pela própria W3C).

Objetos

  • Objeto: uma coisa independente, editável na tela. Pode ser um caminho, uma forma, um objeto de texto, um grupo, etc.
  • Caminho: objeto, com nós, mas sem alças. Por exemplo uma linha criada com a ferramenta Mão Livre.
  • (Live) Shape: an object that does not display nodes but may have controls. An example is a circle ou star. A live shape can be converted to path by Convert to Path command.
  • : point of a path that you can manipulate with. If you use Node tool, then it is displayed as gray ou blue (if selected) rectangle on a path. Shapes do not have nodes, only handles. Node can have one ou two handles too - displayed as circles connected to node. They modify Bezier's tangents.
  • Alça:
    • One of two points around a node, displayed (for selected nodes) as a circle connected with its node by a line (node handles);
    • The arrows around the selected object in selector (scale handles, rotation handles);
    • Points on a shape that can be dragged by node tool to edit the shape, displayed as small white diamonds (shape handles);
    • The things that you drag on canvas to set the placement, direction, and size of a gradient ou pattern (gradient handles, pattern handles). Internally this is called a Knot, but this is a deprecated term in user documentation.
  • Traçado: a visible outline of a shape ou path. Not the same as path; a path may ou may not have a stroke. If the stroke is present, it can be converted to path by Convert Stroke to Path command.
    • PowerStroke: the dependency of the stroke width on distance along the stroke. This is available from the Live Path Effects dialog.
    • Padrão ao longo do caminho: the representation of a stroke as a sequence of arbitrary objects positioned along the path. Available by using either extensions (Pattern along Path, Scatter) ou Live Path Effects (Pattern along Path).
  • Preenchimento: é um atributo opcional para objetos e seus traçados. Pode ser uma cor, um padrão, um gradiente, ou ainda "unset" (não definido, permitindo clones de objetos

is an optional attribute for objects and their strokes. It can be a color, a pattern, a gradient ou even unset (no defined, allowing clones of the object to receive their own fill).

  • Padrão: um tipo de preenchimento que consiste em repetir objetos lado-a-lado.
  • Gradiente: um tipo de preenchimento que consiste de múltiplas cores. Gradientes radiais e lineares estão disponíveis. Consistem de duas ou mais cores que têm uma forma intermediária colorida pelo computador. Cada cor que voce atribui a um gradiente tem uma alça associada a ela, a 'parada de gradiente'.
  • Texto: símbolos legíveis que podem representar ideias. Pode ser modificado e dobrado por muitos efeitos.
  • Grupo: uma coleção de objetos que ficam juntos. Elementos individuais que podem ser editados pelo duplo clique do mouse, segurando Ctrl e clicando, ou desagrupando.
  • Camada: one vertical slice of an entire image. Imagine multiple pieces of transparent glass stacked on top of one another. One can draw on one, draw on another, and move them around separately without affecting each other.
  • Clone: a new object that has the exact same properties as the object cloned. Some of its properties can be separately edited from the initial object, but not all.
  • Parada de Gradient: a point in the course of a gradient which has been assigned a specific color. Color and position can be modified. The space between gradient stops is filled with a transition between both stop colors.

Tela

  • Documento: the file as a whole. Objects, layers, effect, and everything are contained in the document.
  • Tela: What the objects reside on. Only the canvas is visible. Objects placed off of the canvas are not visible.
  • Página: The area in the document that will be printed, and that will be displayed when you view the file using a web browser.
  • Grade: a regular arrangement of drawing guidelines. Objects can be snapped to it.
  • Guia: another drawing guideline which can be turned on and moved as desired. Objects can be snapped to it.

Interface do Usuário

Janela do Documento

The main window, displaying the Canvas, Menus, Commands Bar, Toolbox, Tool Controls Bar, Status Bar, etc. Note that the same instance of the program may have several document windows. Sometimes, program dialogs are referred to as "windows", therefore it is important to distinguish between them and the Document window.

Tela

Main part, with optional border, rulers and scrollbars

Menu

Bar at the top containing menu options e.g. File, Object.

Barra de Ferramentas

To make the toolbar visible, select View -> Show/Hide -> Toolbar from the menu.

Ferramenta Selecionadora

Atalho: F1 ou s
Atalho: (Alt + ) Left Drag

Allows selection of objects with the mouse. Left-clicking on the object will select it. Clicking objects with "Shift" clicked will select additional objects. Clicking again on the object will enter rotation mode. Holding Alt and dragging the mouse around the canvas will produce a red line. All objects that this red line passes through will be selected. Dragging the mouse around the canvas without any other key will select the objects which are fully inside the rectangle opened by dragging.

Ferramenta Nó

Atalho: F2 ou n

Allows editing of individual nodes in objects. Resizing shapes, morphing their shape.

Ferramenta Ajustador

Atalho: Shift+F2 ou w

Ferramenta Zoom

Atalho: F3 ou z
Atalho: Ctrl + Scroll Wheel

Allows the user to hold the canvas either closer ou farther away. When the tool is selected it can be used two ways. The Left Mouse button can be dragged to create a box that will become the new screen size. This is to zoom in. ou the "Shift" button can be held, and the Left Mouse button can be clicked to zoom out.

Ferramenta Retângulo

Atalho: F4 ou r

Draws four-sided, 2-Dimensional polygons. The "Ctrl" key can be held to draw perfect squares.

Ferramenta Elipse

Atalho: F5 ou e

Draws polygons with an infinite number of sides. The "Ctrl" key can be held to draw perfect circles.

Ferramenta Estrela

Atalho: *

Allows stars and other multi-sided polygons to be created. The number of corners and the spoke ratio can be edited making it possible to create pentagons, stars, and pentagrams, each consisting of only one object.

Ferramenta Espiral

Atalho: F9 ou i

Creates spirals. The numbers of turns, the inner radius, and the divergence from normal inside spacing.

Ferramenta Lápis

Atalho: F6 ou p

(To preserve consistency, please do not refer to this tool as freehand tool. Pencil tool (freehand) is the better term.)

Draws lines like a pencil. Clicking and then clicking elsewhere creates straight lines. Clicking and dragging freehands. Pressing "Ctrl" and then releasing lifts the pencil. Dragging again will put the pencil back to the canvas. (in Inkscape 0.91, both parts of the path will be connected by straight lines.)

Ferramenta Caneta

Atalho: Shift + F6 ou b

To preserve consistency, please do not refer to this tool as Bezier tool. Pen tool (Bezier) is the better term.

Clicking and then clicking elsewhere will draw straight lines. Clicking again will draw a line from the second point. Clicking and dragging will create the first half of a Bezier curve, the second half to be created a click later. Holding "Shift" while dragging will draw only one half of the Bezier curve and will continue onto straight lines afterward.

Ferramenta Caligrafia

Atalho: Ctrl + F6 ou c

Great for writing Japanese characters. A tablet is recommended as pressure sensitivity easily controls the thickness of the line.

Ferramenta Texto

Atalho: t
Atalho: F8

The text tool creates text objects from keyboard input.

It has the following options that can be changed:

  • Font
  • Size of the font
  • Font options ( bold , italic )
  • Alignment ( left, center, right, justify )
  • If the text should be drawn horizontally ou vertically

To make alignment easier you can left click and hold to select a area where the input should be aligned and then enter the text. This creates a flow text container (which, as of Inkscape 0.91 and SVG 1.1, is only supported inside Inkscape), which you can convert to normal text using the menu Text -> Convert to Text.

Ferramenta Gradiente

Atalho: g

Ferramenta Conta-Gotas de Cor

Atalho: d

Ferramenta Conectora

Atalho: Ctrl + F2

Ferramenta Balde de Tinta

Atalho: u

Ferramenta Borracha

Atalho: Shift + e

Ferramenta Caixa 3D

Atalho: x

Barra de Comandos

Beneath the Menu, with buttons for commands like New, Open, ...

Ferramenta Barra de Comandos

Beneath the Commands bar. Has the controls for the currently active tool. Note the capitalization. One should not refer to it as the "Tool bar," nor is it a "Tool" edition of the "controls" variety of "bar". It's proper name should be "Tool Controls" bar.

Barra de Status

Na parte do rodapé da janela

Réguas

Barras de Rolagem

From wikipedia: Dialog boxes are special windows which are used by computer programs ou by the operating system to display information to the user, ou to get a response if needed. They are so-called because they form a dialog between the computer and the user—either informing the user of something, ou requesting input from the user, ou both.

Preenchimento e Traçado

Transformar

Gradientes

Amostras

Texto e fontes

Alinhar e Distribuir

Clones Lado a lado

Preferências

Propriedados do Documento

Metadados do Documento

Propriedades do Objeto

Editor XML

Verbos (ações em objetos)

em objetos

  • agrupar
  • desagrupar
  • clip
  • máscara
  • padrão
  • elevar
  • lower
  • rotate
  • flip

em caminhos

criar caminhos de objeto(s)

  • objeto para caminho
  • contorno para caminho
  • traçar bitmap

operações boleanas

  • união
  • diferença
  • intersecção
  • exclusão
  • divisão
  • cortar

manipular caminhos

  • combine
  • break apart
  • inset
  • outset
  • dynamic offset
  • linked offset
  • simplify
  • reverse

em textos

  • colocar em caminho
  • remover de caminho
  • flow
  • unflow
  • convert to text
  • remove kerning

em camadas

Extensões

Inkscape vem com muitas extensões que oferecem modificação e criação automatizada de objetos em seu desenho. Usuários também podem criar suas próprias extensões e compartilhá-las com outros usuários.

Filtros

Filtros modificam a aparênci de um objeto ao mapear a imagem renderizada para uma modificação daquela imagem, obtida por cálculos baseados em pixels.

Inkview

Termos obsoletos

Estes termos são usados dentro do código. Nunca use-os para documentação.

  • knot (isso pode ser uma "alça", "controle", "nó" etc como visto pelo usuário)
  • item (use "objeto")
  • área de trabalho (use "tela" ou "janela do documento" dependendo do contexto)
  • eventos de contexto (conhecidos pelos usuários como "ferramentas")

Palavras usadas como verbos e nomes

Tradutores, prestem atenção a estas palavras que podem ser usadas na interface do usuário tanto como verbos como substantivos ou ainda como adjetivos

  • Grupo
  • Clone
  • "Unset"