Building under Ubuntu Dapper is easier than ever: (Done on a system that already had build-essential installed, may or may not matter. Used Inkscape version inkscape-0.43+0.44pre4)
sudo apt-get build-dep inkscape sudo apt-get install liblcms-dev libboost-graph-dev ./configure make sudo make install
Notes: build-dep gets all the dependencies for the version of Inkscape that comes with Ubuntu. We're not building the same version, but most of the dependencies are the same.
libcms-dev was required for ./configure to work, and libboost-graph-dev was needed for "network connector layout functionality"
The following packages are need to compile cvs inkscape under a default Ubuntu Hoary/Breezy/Dapper system:
apt-get install cvs build-essential intltool libtool libgtkmm-2.4-dev libglib2.0-dev libpng12-dev libxslt1-dev libsigc++-2.0-dev libpopt-dev libgc-dev
Inkscape requires libgc-6.4.
Breezy/Dapper doesn't require any further work.
Hoary uses version 6.3, which is provided in the Repos. (Is there somewhere to get a .deb for 6.4?)
To overwrite libgc-6.3 with libgc-6.4:
Download gc6.4 ./configure --prefix=/usr make sudo make install