Difference between revisions of "CompilingMacOsX"

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(libsoup@2 as pointed out by Meow Day in https://gitlab.com/inkscape/inkscape/-/issues/3317)
 
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= For the impatient =
__TOC__


1. Install [http://developer.apple.com/tools/xcode/ XCode tools] from your OS X installation DVD
= Using MacPorts =


2. Download and install [http://www.macports.org/ MacPorts]
<ol>
<li>Download and install [http://www.macports.org/ MacPorts]
<li>Edit the MacPorts variants config (optional).
<br>Add this line to <code>/opt/local/etc/macports/variants.conf</code>
<pre>-x11 +quartz</pre>
<li>In Terminal (Applications>Utilities>Terminal) type
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">sudo port install \
    adwaita-icon-theme \
    boehmgc \
    boost \
    cairo \
    ccache \
    cmake \
    double-conversion \
    gdl3 \
    gettext \
    gsl \
    gtkmm3 \
    gtk-osx-application-gtk3 \
    lcms2 \
    libsoup \
    libxslt \
    ninja \
    poppler \
    potrace \
    py-lxml \
    py-numpy \
    -x11 +quartz
</syntaxhighlight>
<li>In Terminal, get Inkscape
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">git clone --recurse-submodules https://gitlab.com/inkscape/inkscape.git</syntaxhighlight>
<li>And build inkscape
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
# use a clean MacPorts environment (optional)
LIBPREFIX="/opt/local"
export PATH="$LIBPREFIX/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"


3. In Terminal (Applications>Utilities>Terminal) type
# where to install
<pre>sudo port sync
PREFIX="$PWD/install-prefix"
sudo port selfupdate
sudo port install cairo +pdf boehmgc gtkmm intltool libxslt lcms popt poppler boost gnome-vfs \
libgnomeprintui automake autoconf subversion</pre>
Grab a cup of coffee


4. In Terminal, get and build Inkscape
# where to build
<pre>
mkdir build
svn co https://inkscape.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/inkscape/inkscape/trunk inkscape
cd build
cd inkscape/packaging/macosx/
./osx-build.sh a c b i -s p</pre>


''Et voilà''. If you want to understand what you just did, read on.
cmake \
    -G Ninja \
    -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="$LIBPREFIX" \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$PREFIX" \
    -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DWITH_OPENMP=OFF \
    ../inkscape


= Requirements =
ninja
To compile Inkscape from source you need:
ninja install
*Mac OS X > 10.3
</syntaxhighlight>
*XCode Tools. They are on your installation DVD, in the optional installs, or can be download from [http://developer.apple.com/tools/xcode/ Apple Developer Connection]. You can customize the install to make it smaller (avoir documentation and example software for example). You need at least: gcc, XCode, X11SDK.
''Note: Using [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ccache ccache] and [https://ninja-build.org/ ninja] is not required, but very common because it speeds up compilation.''
*Inkscape's source code. You can download an [http://www.inkscape.org/download.php official release source code], a [http://inkscape.modevia.com/svn-snap/?M=D development snapshot] or checkout a copy of the current state of the [http://www.inkscape.org/svn.php?lang=en SVN repository] using [http://subversion.tigris.org/ subversion]. Subversion comes pre-installed on Leopard. On previous system, subversion can be installed by package management systems (see point below) or with an OS X installer [http://homepage.mac.com/martinott/ package]
<li>Run Inkscape
*A means of getting Inkscape's numerous dependencies: glibmm, gtkmm, lmcs, boehmgc... We recommend the use of [http://www.macports.org/ MacPorts] right now. ([http://www.finkproject.org/ Fink] was used in the past but it no longer meets Inkscape's needs currently.)
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
$PREFIX/bin/inkscape
</syntaxhighlight>
</ol>


= Compiling Inkscape with X11, using MacPorts [Recommended method]=
= Using Homebrew =


== Installing dependencies ==
If you are using [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] instead, you can still use the above guidelines with small modifications.
You can use MacPorts to list Inkscape dependencies:
<pre>port deps inkscape</pre>


Some are mandatory and you can install them with the command:
List of '''packages''' to install with brew
<pre>sudo port install boehmgc gtkmm intltool libxslt lcms popt boost</pre>
(for Inkscape 1.1):


Others provide additional functionality to Inkscape:
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
* <code>gnome-vfs</code> : access to remote servers, in particular import from Open Clipart Library
brew install \
* <code>aspell</code> : check spelling of text elements [Note: I have never seen it working on OS X]
    adwaita-icon-theme \
* <code>libgnomeprintui</code>
    bdw-gc \
* <code>loudmouth</code> : jabber library used by InkBoard
    boost \
* <code>cairo +pdf</code> (cairo with the pdf variant) : better pdf export
    cairomm \
* <code>poppler</code> : better pdf import
    ccache \
<pre>sudo port install gnome-vfs aspell libgnomeprintui loudmouth cairo +pdf poppler</pre>
    cmake \
NB: Cairo was already installed at previous step as a GTK dependency. You need to either deactivate the old version and install this one, or directly write it on the command line above.
    double-conversion \
    gettext \
    gsl \
    gspell \
    gtk-mac-integration \
    gtkmm3 \
    imagemagick \
    intltool \
    lcms2 \
    libomp \
    libsoup@2 \
    libxslt \
    ninja \
    poppler \
    potrace
</syntaxhighlight>


In addition, Inkscape requires versions of the autotools more recent thant those that ship with OS X. Install them:
You may substitute <code>imagemagick</code> with <code>graphicsmagick</code>.
<pre>sudo port install autoconf automake</pre>


== Setting the build environment ==
<code>gtk-mac-integration</code> is not needed with latest <code>1.2-dev</code>.
MacPorts's hierarchy (/opt/local/) is not searched for libraries by default. Therefore, before the configuration starts, some environment variables need to be set. The environment variables are presented in bash syntax here.
<pre>export LIBPREFIX="/opt/local"
#  automake seach path
export CPATH="$LIBPREFIX/include"
#  configure search path
export CPPFLAGS="-I$LIBPREFIX/include"
export LDFLAGS="-L$LIBPREFIX/lib"
#  compiler arguments
export CFLAGS="-O3 -Wall"
export CXXFLAGS="$CFLAGS"
</pre>


You can also use <code>[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ccache ccache]</code> (<code>sudo port install ccache</code>) to speed up the compilation a bit. To do so, add compiler variables:
Some keg-only libraries need to be added to <code>$PKG_CONFIG_PATH</code>
<pre>export CC="ccache gcc"
export CXX="ccache g++"</pre>


== Configuring ==
Some libraries can cause trouble if they are picked up from the SDK instead of Homebrew (observed with <code>libxslt</code> and <code>libxml2</code>). Adding them to <code>$PKG_CONFIG_PATH</code> should fix this.
If you compile Inkscape for the first time from an svn checkout you need to generate the configure script. Navigate to Inkscape's source directory and run:
<pre>./autogen.sh</pre>


Then run configure with the options <code>--disable-static --enable-shared</code> and <code>--prefix</code> which sets the directory where the build products are placed. It must be somewhere you have write access to.
This was tested on an M1 MacBook Air with macOS 11.6 and Inkscape 1.2-dev.
<pre>./configure --disable-static --enable-shared --prefix=/path/to/build/products/</pre>


I you want to package Inkscape into a double-clickable <code>.app</code> bundle in order to access it like a regular OS X application (you probably want to), you need to add the option <code>--enable-osxapp</code>:
<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
<pre>./configure {...} --enable-osxapp</pre>
# use a clean Homebrew environment (optional)
LIBPREFIX="/opt/homebrew"
export PATH="$LIBPREFIX/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"


If you have loudmouth installed and you want to enable whiteboard functionality in Inkscape, add <code>--enable-inkboard</code>.
# keg-only libraries
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$LIBPREFIX/opt/icu4c/lib/pkgconfig"
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libsoup@2/lib/pkgconfig"


Other configuration options can be set, check the list of options by issuing:
# prevent picking up libxslt and libxml2 from the (wrong) SDK
<pre>./configure --help</pre>
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libxslt/lib/pkgconfig"
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libxml2/lib/pkgconfig"


== Building and Installing ==
# where to install
Just run:
PREFIX="$PWD/install-prefix"
<pre>make
make install</pre>


== Creating an .app bundle ==
mkdir -p build
Assuming that you have used the <code>--enable-osxapp</code> option during <code>configure</code>, navigate to Mac OS X packaging directory in Inkscape source code and use the automated script:
cd build
<pre>cd packaging/macosx
./osx-app.sh -s -b /path/to/install/prefix/bin/inkscape -p ../../Info.plist</pre>
The script copies Inkscape binary and all its dependencies into the app bundle. The <code>-s</code> options strips libraries from debugging information (the bundle is therefore smaller). Omit this option if you want to keep debugging info.


== Creating a disk image to distribute Inkscape ==
cmake \
Inkscape.app created at the previous step is completely independent from the original location of MacPorts libraries and can therefore be distributed. It will only work on your platform though (PPC or Intel) and incompatibilities are known between X11 versions on different major versions of OS X (Panther, Tiger and Leopard). The general rule is that versions are not backward compatible.
    -G Ninja \
    -DCMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS="-L$LIBPREFIX/lib" \
    -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS="-L$LIBPREFIX/lib" \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$PREFIX \
    -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DWITH_DBUS=OFF \
    ..


The most widespread way of distributing applications on Mac OS X is via .dmg images. You can created a dmg image of Inkscape, with a nice background and all, using the script:
ninja
<pre>./osx-dmg.sh -p Inkscape.app</pre>
ninja install
in the packaging directory for Mac OS X (where your app bundle should be, otherwise modify the path to Inkscape.app).
</syntaxhighlight>


== Automated build script ==
=See also=
All these steps are automated by a build script: <code>osx-build.sh</code>. It has built-in help so to known how to use it just type:
* [[Tracking Dependencies]]
<pre>./osx-build.sh help</pre>
* [[Extension requirements]]
 
*[[Compiling Inkscape]]
 
*[[Notes on Packaging for OS X]]
 
* https://github.com/valerioa/Inkscape-MacOS-Curated-Build
 
* [https://github.com/ipatch/homebrew-us-05/blob/master/inkscape/inkscape-building-for-macOS.md ipatch's collection of notes] about building Inkscape using Homebrew
= Compiling a Universal Binary of Inkscape with X11, using MacPorts=
 
These instructions should work on both 10.4 and 10.5 machines with the latest Xcode version installed.
 
== Update Macport sources ==
 
The port descriptions in Macports do not currently all compile properly with their Universal variants.  For this reason, we currently use a modified set of some of the portfiles that will compile a universal libraries.  Work is being done to integrate these changes into Macports itself.
 
You can use our modified portfiles by adding our ports to your sources:
 
1. Checkout our ports directory:
<pre>svn co https://inkscape.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/inkscape/experimental/trunk/mjwybrow/ports ports</pre>
 
2. Edit your sources list to include this directory:
<pre>sudo vim /opt/local/etc/macports/sources.conf</pre>
And add the following line *before* the existing rsync source:
<pre>file:///Users/YOURUSERNAME/directory/to/ports</pre>
 
3. Run the portindex command in the checked-out port directory:
<pre>portindex</pre>
 
4. Run port sync
<pre>sudo port sync</pre>
 
== Build Universal dependencies ==
 
You should now be able to compile Inkscape's essential dependencies as Universal libraries on either 10.4 or 10.5,  by giving the "+universal" option for each, e.g.
<pre>sudo port -v install poppler +universal gtk2 +universal ...</pre>
 
If you already have non-universal versions of these ports installed you may need to deactivate the port and rebuild it, e.g.
<pre>sudo port -f uninstall cairo
sudo port clean cairo
sudo port -v install cairo +universal</pre>
 
== Build Universal Inkscape ==
 
Set your SDK, 10.5 for Leopard, 10.4u for TIger:<br />
<CODE>export SDK=/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.5.sdk</code>  (For Leopard)<br />
<CODE>export SDK=/Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.4u.sdk</code>  (ForTIger)<br />
 
Then, set up your environment to point to the Macports libraries:
<pre>export MACPORTS="/opt/local"
export PATH=$MACPORTS/bin:$MACPORTS/sbin:/usr/X11R6/bin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin
#  automake seach path
export CPATH="$MACPORTS/include"
#  configure search path
export CPPFLAGS="-I$MACPORTS/include"
export LDFLAGS="-L$MACPORTS/lib"
#  compiler arguments
export CFLAGS="-O3 -Wall -isysroot /Developer/SDKs/MacOSX10.5.sdk -arch ppc -arch i386"
export CXXFLAGS="$CFLAGS"</pre>
 
= Compiling Inkscape with native GTK using MacPorts [experimental] =
This process is very similar to compiling an X11 version of Inkscape except for the building of dependencies: need to build native versions of Inkscape dependencies. At the moment (2007-12-17) this process does not produce a usable version of Inkscape but the more people try to use it, the quicker the bugs will be ironed out!
 
== Native version of Inkscape dependencies ==
Thanks to the power of port "variants" and port "deactivation" you can install native versions of gtk, cairo, pango and such, alongside the regular X11 ones. To know which ports have a <code>quartz</code> or <code>no_x11</code> variant, use the command:
<pre>port list variant:quartz variant:no_x11</pre>
This will give you an idea of what need to be replaced.
 
Assuming your MacPorts tree has been already used to build regular versions of Inkscape, you first need to deactivate (suppress from the tree without really uninstalling) the X11 versions of gtk, cairo, cairomm and pango:
<pre>sudo port deactivate gtk2 cairo cairomm pango</pre>
 
Then install native variants:
<pre>sudo port install cairo +quartz+pdf+no_x11 cairomm +quartz pango +no_x11 poppler +quartz gtk2 +quartz</pre>
 
Rather than deactivating and reactivating ports, you can also keep two MacPorts trees side by side, provided you install the second one from source. Let say I want to install a new tree for native versions in /opt/local/native, I would do
<pre>export PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/X11R6/bin
cd ~/MacPorts-1.x.x/
./configure --prefix=/opt/local-native --with-tclpackage=/Library/Tcl/macports-native
make
sudo make install</pre>
Then you need to have only one version of the port command in the path at any time so you need to setup your .bashrc (or .bash_profile or .profile) accordingly. I use shell aliases to quickly and temporarily switch to the universal version:
<pre>alias portpathregular="export PATH=/opt/local/bin:/opt/local/sbin:/Developer/Tools:/usr/local/bin: \
/usr/X11R6/bin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin"
alias portpathuniv="export PATH=/opt/local-univ/bin:/opt/local-univ/sbin:/Developer/Tools:/usr/local/bin:  \
/usr/X11R6/bin:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin"</pre>
NB: the \ are just to mark line continuation here, suppress them and put everything in one line.
 
== Install the rest ==
Eventually, follow the regular install procedure for the rest:
<pre>sudo port install libxslt boost boehmgc gtkmm lcms intltool popt</pre>
If your MacPorts tree was already ready to compile Inkscape, you should not need to reinstall anything, with the possible exception of gtkmm, which may need to be rebuilt against the native version of gtk rather than against the X11 one (please someone confirm this).
 
Get inkscape source code and go in the mac OS X specific packaging directory
<pre>cd packaging/macosx</pre>
There edit <code>osx-build.sh</code> to remove the configure option <code>--enable-osxapp</code> because it puts inkscape in a .app bundle where it is started together with X11, which would defeat the purpose of this native compilation. You can also specify an alternative install prefix if you want. Then
<pre>./osx-build.sh u a c b i</pre>
and a native version of Inkscape is installed in the prefix you specified or in the <code>Build/bin</code> directory of Inkscape's source code. You can test it by
<pre> cd ../../Build/bin/
./inkscape</pre>
 
NB: if you compiled a GTK theme engine against your old GTK install (i.e. the one with X11) and try to use it with the new install, it will complain, so edit <code>~/.gtkrc-2.0</code> to remove the offending theme or recompile it with the new native GTK.
 
= Compiling Inkscape with native GTK using the all in one build script [experimental] =
 
To build a native-GTK build of Inkscape, GTK and some of its dependencies must be built with special options. You can do this using the build-gtk.sh script from the Inkscape repository (it's in packaging/macosx/native-gtk/).  This is a modified version of the Imendio native build script, found with instructions on this page:
http://developer.imendio.com/projects/gtk-macosx/build-instructions
 
This process is relatively untested. If you have any troubles using this process then please report them to Michael Wybrow (mjwybrow on sourceforge).
 
The process is:
<pre>export PREFIX=/your/install/prefix
./build-gtk bootstrap
./build-gtk build inkscape
</pre>
 
 
= Enabling python effects =
moved to [[GettingEffectsWorking]]. They should work out of the box in the new versions anyway.
 
= Links =
 
== User Examples ==
* Adam Strzeleki has outlined some improvements to this process on the Inkscape [http://www.nabble.com/Inkscape-native-Mac-OS-X-build---look-improvements-td14733036.html email list]. See his screenshot from January 10, 2008 [http://www.nabble.com/attachment/14733036/1/Inkscape%20OSX%20PL.gif here].
* JiHO has a video of his builds [http://jo.irisson.free.fr/?p=34 here] and [http://jo.irisson.free.fr/?p=62 here].
 
== Apple Documentation ==
* [http://developer.apple.com/documentation/MacOSX/Conceptual/BPRuntimeConfig/BPRuntimeConfig.html Introduction to Runtime Configuration] Covers the Info.plist files, Preferences, Environment variables and has a list of the most important Properties that the Property List should contain.
 
== Packaging ==
 
* [http://www.sveinbjorn.org/platypus Sveinbjorn Thordarson's Website] The author of Platypus, the Script Exec wrapper that launches the Inkscape binary.
* [http://freespace.ausgamers.com/2005/02/creating-os-x-application-bundles-step.html  Creating OS X application bundles step by step] Covers the bundle concepts, copying libraries into the bundle, editing libraries with the install_name_tool, the Info.plist file and adding an icon.
* [http://java.sun.com/developer/technicalArticles/JavaLP/JavaToMac3/ Bringing your Java Application to Mac OS X] I would regard this a little dated, and the detail is (unsurprisingly) Java-related, but it is a gentle introduction to the role of the .app bundle and give a most clear account of how to create one.
* The [http://gimp-app.sourceforge.net/gimp.app.howto.txt Gimp .app Howto] This is a very bare document, and would be of little help to you if you were new to making packages. Note that it seems to refer to a more mature Clipboard technique and Online help than we currently have; and we ought to move to parity in these areas.


[[Category:Developer Documentation]]
[[Category:Developer Documentation]]

Latest revision as of 19:18, 10 April 2022

Using MacPorts

  1. Download and install MacPorts
  2. Edit the MacPorts variants config (optional).
    Add this line to /opt/local/etc/macports/variants.conf
    -x11 +quartz
  3. In Terminal (Applications>Utilities>Terminal) type
    sudo port install \
         adwaita-icon-theme \
         boehmgc \
         boost \
         cairo \
         ccache \
         cmake \
         double-conversion \
         gdl3 \
         gettext \
         gsl \
         gtkmm3 \
         gtk-osx-application-gtk3 \
         lcms2 \
         libsoup \
         libxslt \
         ninja \
         poppler \
         potrace \
         py-lxml \
         py-numpy \
         -x11 +quartz
    
  4. In Terminal, get Inkscape
    git clone --recurse-submodules https://gitlab.com/inkscape/inkscape.git
    
  5. And build inkscape
    # use a clean MacPorts environment (optional)
    LIBPREFIX="/opt/local"
    export PATH="$LIBPREFIX/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"
    
    # where to install
    PREFIX="$PWD/install-prefix"
    
    # where to build
    mkdir build
    cd build
    
    cmake \
        -G Ninja \
        -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH="$LIBPREFIX" \
        -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$PREFIX" \
        -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
        -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
        -DWITH_OPENMP=OFF \
        ../inkscape
    
    ninja
    ninja install
    

    Note: Using ccache and ninja is not required, but very common because it speeds up compilation.

  6. Run Inkscape
    $PREFIX/bin/inkscape
    

Using Homebrew

If you are using Homebrew instead, you can still use the above guidelines with small modifications.

List of packages to install with brew (for Inkscape 1.1):

brew install \
    adwaita-icon-theme \
    bdw-gc \
    boost \
    cairomm \
    ccache \
    cmake \
    double-conversion \
    gettext \
    gsl \
    gspell \
    gtk-mac-integration \
    gtkmm3 \
    imagemagick \
    intltool \
    lcms2 \
    libomp \
    libsoup@2 \
    libxslt \
    ninja \
    poppler \
    potrace

You may substitute imagemagick with graphicsmagick.

gtk-mac-integration is not needed with latest 1.2-dev.

Some keg-only libraries need to be added to $PKG_CONFIG_PATH

Some libraries can cause trouble if they are picked up from the SDK instead of Homebrew (observed with libxslt and libxml2). Adding them to $PKG_CONFIG_PATH should fix this.

This was tested on an M1 MacBook Air with macOS 11.6 and Inkscape 1.2-dev.

# use a clean Homebrew environment (optional)
LIBPREFIX="/opt/homebrew"
export PATH="$LIBPREFIX/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"

# keg-only libraries
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$LIBPREFIX/opt/icu4c/lib/pkgconfig"
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libsoup@2/lib/pkgconfig"

# prevent picking up libxslt and libxml2 from the (wrong) SDK
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libxslt/lib/pkgconfig"
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$PKG_CONFIG_PATH:$LIBPREFIX/opt/libxml2/lib/pkgconfig"

# where to install
PREFIX="$PWD/install-prefix"

mkdir -p build
cd build

cmake \
    -G Ninja \
    -DCMAKE_SHARED_LINKER_FLAGS="-L$LIBPREFIX/lib" \
    -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS="-L$LIBPREFIX/lib" \
    -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$PREFIX \
    -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER_LAUNCHER=ccache \
    -DWITH_DBUS=OFF \
    ..

ninja
ninja install

See also