Difference between revisions of "Release notes/0.47"

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=Inkscape 0.47=  
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{{Other languages|en=Release notes/0.47|de=Release notes/0.47 de}}
'''(not released yet)'''
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=Refactoring effort=
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==Inkscape 0.47==
 +
'''([[AnnouncePlanning047]])'''
  
- many instances of SP_ACTIVE_DESKTOP were eliminated (although there still remain quite a lot to be removed)
+
Inkscape 0.47 brings a host of important improvements all across the program:
  
[mention the 'main' goal of 0.47 and list which things have been refactored and the benefits/new features/different workflow? --johan]
+
* '''Timed autosave''': no more lost work
  
- ratio of code lines and comment lines (difference with 0.46)
+
* '''Spiro splines''': an exciting new way to work with paths, fully supported in Pen, Pencil, and Node tools
  
- number of fixme's and todo's (difference with 0.46)
+
* '''Auto smooth nodes''': a new type of node that keeps the path as smooth as possible as you move it or its neighbors
  
- cairo
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* New modes in '''Tweak tool''': pushing and jittering whole objects, scaling/rotating objects, deleting and duplicating using the "soft brush"
  
- speed improvement? (LPE? bootup?)
+
* Reworked, much more usable '''snapping system''' and a Snapping toolbar
  
=Tools=
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* New '''path effects''', including sketch, hatching, envelope deformation; effects can be stacked and assigned to groups
  
==Node tool==
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* A huge collection of '''preset filters''' in the new Filters menu
 +
 
 +
* New cairo-based '''PS and EPS export''': improved quality, more features supported, fallback rasterization for filters and transparency
 +
 
 +
* '''Spell checker''' for text objects in a document
 +
 
 +
* Many '''new extensions''': restacking, calendar, printing marks, cartesian and polar grids, interpolating attributes
 +
 
 +
* '''Optimized SVG code''' options, now with their own Preferences page
 +
 
 +
* Many other improvements, usability tweaks, memleak stops, and misc bugfixes
 +
 
 +
==Refactoring effort==
 +
 
 +
The focus of the 0.47 release was to clean up legacy code and push forward the migration to clean object-oriented C++. The goal of this effort was to increase reliability and maintainability of Inkscape. In the long run, it will mean fewer bugs and more new features, because it will be easier to develop and find bugs in Inkscape.
 +
 
 +
===Migration to lib2geom===
 +
Many parts of the code have been changed to use the 2geom library for geometrical calculations instead of the old libnr and livarot libraries.
 +
 
 +
===Preferences===
 +
Instead of global functions directly manipulating an XML document, the preferences API is now exposed through the <code>Inkscape::Preferences</code> singleton. It abstracts away the way the preferences are stored in memory. In the future it may allow for different user settings storage backends (like GConf or the upcoming dconf on GNOME desktops or .plist files on OS X). Previously, Inkscape directly manipulated an internal XML document.
 +
 
 +
The Preferences directory has been moved on Linux (and Mac OS X) from ~/.inkscape to ~/.config/inkscape to better conform to Linux desktop standards.
 +
 
 +
==Tools==
 +
 
 +
===Node tool===
 +
 
 +
* In previous versions of Inkscape, no visual feedback was given back to the user when hovering over paths when using the ''Node tool''. In this update, hovering over a path with the ''Node tool'' now results in a highlighted path outline being displayed. '''Note:''' the duration and color of the new path outline feature can be configured in the '''Tools > Node''' section of the  '''Inkscape Preferences''' dialog.
  
* [helper path display, flashing - johan]
 
 
* The Node tool can now edit '''clipping paths''' and '''masks''' of objects on canvas, without releasing them. If the selected object has a clipping path and mask, the corresponding buttons on the controls bar of the tool will be enabled; pressing these buttons will display the editable paths or handles of the clippath or mask. A clipping path is stroked green, a mask is stroked blue (the same colors as those used for them in Outline mode).
 
* The Node tool can now edit '''clipping paths''' and '''masks''' of objects on canvas, without releasing them. If the selected object has a clipping path and mask, the corresponding buttons on the controls bar of the tool will be enabled; pressing these buttons will display the editable paths or handles of the clippath or mask. A clipping path is stroked green, a mask is stroked blue (the same colors as those used for them in Outline mode).
* Snapping has been improved (more details in Snapping below)
 
* When dragging a node '''handle with Ctrl''', it now snaps not only to the 15 degree increments starting from 0 and to the original handle direction, but also to the direction of the '''opposite handle''' (if it exists) or of the '''opposite line segment''' (if it is a straight line).
 
* The behavior of the buttons/shortucts that make a node smooth or cusp has been improved:
 
:* If a node is already cusp (diamond shaped), pressing Shift+C again on it will retract both its handles. As this works for any number of selected nodes, you can always retract all handles in all nodes by selecting all nodes and pressing Shift+C twice.
 
:* If a non-smooth node is next to a straight line segment, pressing Shift+S once makes it ''half-smooth'': it now has one handle aligned with that line segment. Another press of Shift+S will expand the second handle as well turning it into a full smooth node. If a node is between two curve segments, Shift+S will expand both handles as before.
 
*'''Auto smooth nodes''': a new "auto" node type was added, similar to the one  Xara Xtreme has. An auto node is a smooth node which automatically adjusts (rotates and stretches) its handles when this node or its neighbors are moved. This adjustment (same as what you get when you convert node type to Smooth, but continuous) keeps the curve at this node as smooth as possible. It feels a bit like Spiro paths (see below); although not as smooth as a Spiro, auto nodes may often be preferable as they work without applying any Path Effect. Whenever you manually adjust the handles of an auto node or drag the adjacent curve, it loses its auto state and becomes simply smooth; for this reason, it is recommended to edit smooth nodes with the node handles hidden via a toggle button on the controls bar. Auto nodes are represented by little circles, as opposed to smooth/symmetric nodes (squares) and cusp nodes (diamonds). To convert selected node(s) to auto, press '''Shift+A''' or use the corresponding node type button on the controls bar.
 
  
==Tweak tool==
+
* Snapping has been improved (more details in Snapping below).
 +
 
 +
* When dragging a node handle with '''Ctrl''' pressed, it now snaps not only to the 15 degree increments starting from 0 and to the original handle direction, but also to the direction of the opposite handle (if it exists) or of the opposite line segment (if it is a straight line).
 +
 
 +
* The behavior of the buttons/shortcuts that make a node smooth or cusp has been improved:
 +
** If a node is already a cusp (diamond shaped), pressing Shift+C again on it will retract both its handles. As this works for any number of selected nodes, you can always retract all handles in all nodes by selecting all nodes and pressing Shift+C twice.
 +
** If a non-smooth node is next to a straight line segment, pressing Shift+S once makes it ''half-smooth'': it now has one handle aligned with that line segment. Another press of Shift+S will expand the second handle as well turning it into a full smooth node. If a node is between two curve segments, Shift+S will expand both handles as before.
 +
 
 +
*'''Auto smooth nodes''': this is a new node type, similar to the one  Xara Xtreme has. An auto node is a smooth node which automatically adjusts (rotates and stretches) its handles when this node or its neighbors are moved. This adjustment (same as what you get when you convert node type to Smooth, but continuous) keeps the curve at this node as smooth as possible. It feels a bit like Spiro paths (see below); although not as smooth as a Spiro, auto nodes may often be preferable as they work without applying any path effect. Whenever you manually adjust the ''handles'' of an auto node or drag the adjacent ''curve'', the node loses its auto state and becomes simply smooth; for this reason, it is recommended to edit smooth nodes with the node handles hidden via a toggle button on the Node tool controls bar. Auto nodes are represented by little circles, as opposed to smooth/symmetric nodes (squares) and cusp nodes (diamonds). To convert selected node(s) to auto, press '''Shift+A''' or use the corresponding node type button on the controls bar.
 +
 
 +
===Tweak tool===
  
 
Several new modes are added to the Tweak tool for transforming, duplicating, and deleting selected objects using the same "soft brush" metaphor that the path editing and coloring modes use. Using these new modes, it is easy to "sculpt" scatterings of small objects, such as clone tilings, into complex and naturalistic textures.
 
Several new modes are added to the Tweak tool for transforming, duplicating, and deleting selected objects using the same "soft brush" metaphor that the path editing and coloring modes use. Using these new modes, it is easy to "sculpt" scatterings of small objects, such as clone tilings, into complex and naturalistic textures.
  
* '''Move mode''' moves those selected objects that are under the brush in the direction in which you move the brush. This is similar to the Push path mode, except that the Move mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under the brush.
+
* '''Push mode''' moves those selected objects that are under the brush in the direction in which you move the brush. This is similar to the Push path mode, except that the Move mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under the brush.
  
* '''Move in/out mode'''  moves those selected objects that are under the brush towards the cursor (default) or away from cursor (with '''Shift''' pressed). This is similar to the Attract/repel path mode, except that the Move in/out mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under cursor.
+
* '''Attract/Repel Objects mode'''  moves those selected objects that are under the brush towards the cursor (default) or away from cursor (with '''Shift''' pressed). This is similar to the Attract/repel path mode, except that the Move in/out mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under cursor.
  
* '''Move jitter mode''' moves those selected objects that are under the brush in random directions and by random amounts, but the overall amount of movement depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
+
* '''Jitter mode''' moves those selected objects that are under the brush in random directions and by random amounts, but the overall amount of movement depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
  
 
* '''Scale mode''' scales those selected objects that are under the brush down (by default) or up (with '''Shift''' pressed). The speed of scaling depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
 
* '''Scale mode''' scales those selected objects that are under the brush down (by default) or up (with '''Shift''' pressed). The speed of scaling depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
Line 43: Line 74:
 
* '''Rotate mode''' rotates those selected objects that are under the brush clockwise (by default) or counterclockwise (with '''Shift''' pressed). The speed of rotation depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.  
 
* '''Rotate mode''' rotates those selected objects that are under the brush clockwise (by default) or counterclockwise (with '''Shift''' pressed). The speed of rotation depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.  
  
* '''Duplicate/delete mode''' randomly duplicates those selected objects that are under the brush (by default) or deletes them (with '''Shift''' pressed). The chance of an object to be duplicated and deleted depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush. As with regular Duplicate command, duplicating with Tweak tool places the copies right over the originals, and you may need to use the Move jitter mode to ruffle them apart.  
+
* '''Duplicate/delete mode''' randomly duplicates those selected objects that are under the brush (by default) or deletes them (with '''Shift''' pressed). The chance of an object to be duplicated and deleted depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush. Like with the regular Duplicate command, duplicating with Tweak tool places the copies right over the originals, and you may need to use the Jitter mode to ruffle them apart.  The duplicates created by the tool are automatically added to selection if the originals objects were in selection (e.g. if you're tweaking a group of objects, they are duplicated within that group and are not by themselves selected).  
  
:The duplicates created by the tool are automatically added to selection if the originals objects were in selection (e.g. if you're tweaking a group of objects, they are duplicated within that group and are not by themselves selected).
+
*'''Blur mode''' blurs the selected objects under the brush more (by default) or less (with Shift pressed). The amount of blur added or removed depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.  
 
+
*'''Blur mode''' blurs the selected objects under the brush more (by default) or less (with '''Shift''' pressed). The amount of blur added or removed depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.  
+
  
 
Also, the existing path editing modes of the tool have been rearranged: now Shrink and Grow are one mode (shrinks by default, grows with Shift), and Attract and Repel are one mode (attracts by default, repels with Shift). Here is a complete list of modes and shortcuts of the Tweak tool:
 
Also, the existing path editing modes of the tool have been rearranged: now Shrink and Grow are one mode (shrinks by default, grows with Shift), and Attract and Repel are one mode (attracts by default, repels with Shift). Here is a complete list of modes and shortcuts of the Tweak tool:
  
 
  Shift+m, Shift+0         move mode
 
  Shift+m, Shift+0         move mode
  Shift+i, Shift+1 move in/out mode
+
  Shift+i, Shift+1 attract/repel objects mode
  Shift+z, Shift+2 move jitter mode
+
  Shift+z, Shift+2 jitter mode
 
  Shift+<, Shift+>, Shift+3 scale mode
 
  Shift+<, Shift+>, Shift+3 scale mode
 
  Shift+[, Shift+], Shift+4 rotate mode
 
  Shift+[, Shift+], Shift+4 rotate mode
Line 61: Line 90:
 
  Shift+a, Shift+8 attract/repel path mode
 
  Shift+a, Shift+8 attract/repel path mode
 
  Shift+r, Shift+9 roughen mode
 
  Shift+r, Shift+9 roughen mode
  Shift+c         color paint mode
+
  Shift+c         paint mode
 
  Shift+j         color jitter mode
 
  Shift+j         color jitter mode
 
  Shift+b         blur mode
 
  Shift+b         blur mode
  
In Color Paint mode, painting with Shift inverts the color you're applying (e.g. when painting with white, Shift will switch applied color to black; blue, to yellow, etc.).
+
In Paint mode, painting with Shift inverts the color you're applying (e.g. when painting with yellow, Shift will switch the applied color to blue).
 +
 
 +
===Calligraphy tool===
 +
 
 +
* The tool's settings can now be set from a preset (see the drop-down list in the controls bar). Several presets are provided that imitate various drawing implements and styles.
 +
 
 +
* When drawing with '''Alt''' pressed, Inkscape ''subtracts'' the new path you are creating from the selected path. With '''Shift''', it ''unions'' the new path with the selected path. This allows you to quickly patch or erase defects in a stroke you have drawn, without leaving the tool.
 +
 
 +
* The behavior of the tool when tracking a guide (drawing with '''Ctrl''') has been improved:
 +
 
 +
:* The initial "jerk" when you start drawing is suppressed.
  
==Calligraphy tool ==
+
:* The undesired flipping of the stroke to the other side of the guide path, when drawing along closed paths, is fixed.
  
[presets - Aubanel]
+
:* If you lose connection with your guide path, the tool tries to continue moving in the same direction as if by inertia, so as to minimize the tearoff jerk.
  
==Paint Bucket tool==
+
===Paint Bucket tool===
 
* Paint Bucket is now more tightly integrated with potrace.  As a result, memory and CPU usage on each fill operation have been reduced significantly.
 
* Paint Bucket is now more tightly integrated with potrace.  As a result, memory and CPU usage on each fill operation have been reduced significantly.
  
==Eraser Tool==
+
===Eraser Tool===
A new eraser tool has been added. It has two main modes:
+
A new tool, Eraser, has been added to the main toolbox. Its shortcut is '''Shift+E'''. It has two main modes, selectable by toggle buttons on its controls bar:
  
* Delete-mode where any shape touched by the tool is deleted completely. This operation is in line with "vector" editing.
+
* '''Delete Objects''' mode: any shape touched by dragging is deleted completely. This is analogous to "touch selection" in Selector followed by '''Del'''.
* Cut mode where erasing acts similar to erasing in a standard bitmap editor.
+
* '''Cut mode''': dragging subtracts, using a boolean Subtract operation, parts of paths it touches. On the controls bar, you can adjust the Width of the trace left by the tool. If nothing is selected, it acts on all objects in the current layer, whether selected or not; if there's a selection, its action is limited to selection. This mode is similar to '''Alt+drag''' in Calligraphic tool.
  
Cut mode works for both selected and not selected objects.
+
===Pen and Pencil===
  
Shortcuts:
+
====New modes====
  
* '''Shift+E''' enables the tool
+
Apart from the regular Bezier mode, these drawing tools now provide several new modes:
  
==Pen and Pencil==
+
* '''Spiro mode''': This mode automatically applies the new Spiro Splines path effect (see the section on new effects) to any newly drawn path. As mentioned below, it is not yet possible to preview a spiro before it is finished. This mode is available in both Pen and Pencil tools.
  
Apart from the regular Bezier mode, the pen tool now provides several new modes:
+
* '''Polyline mode''' (Pen only): This mode makes it easy to draw many straight line segments by disallowing any curves, even when you accidentally drag with the mouse instead of clicking.
  
* '''Spiro mode''': This mode automatically applies the new Spiro Splines LPE (see the section on new effects) to any newly drawn path. As mentioned below, it is not yet possible to preview Spiros before the path is finished.
+
* '''Paraxial mode''' (Pen only): create straight line segments that are parallel to one of the coordinate axes. This works similar to the Polyline mode with '''Ctrl'''. Normally, each next line segment is drawn perpendicular to the previous one, but the direction of the line segment being drawn can be toggled by pressing '''Shift'''. If you click on the start anchor, the path gets closed with an L-shaped segment (its direction of which can also be flipped with '''Shift''').
  
* '''Zigzag mode''': This mode makes it easy to draw many straight line segments in quick succession by disallowing curves (even when the user drags with the mouse).
+
====Stroke shapes====
  
* '''Paraxial mode''': In this mode, the user can only create straight line segments that are parallel to one of the coordinate axes. Normally, each line segment is drawn perpendicular to the previous one. The direction of the line segment being drawn can be toggled with Shift. When clicking on the start anchor, the path is closed with an L-shaped segment (the direction of which can also be flipped with Shift).
+
As a first step towards [http://wiki.inkscape.org/wiki/index.php/Vector-brushes this blueprint], it is now possible to automatically apply predefined vector '''shapes''' to path strokes in Pen and Pencil tools. The choice of shapes in the drop-down list on the controls bar includes:
  
Furthermore, it is now possible to automatically apply predefined vector brushes to path strokes in pen and pencil tools. This is a first step towards [http://wiki.inkscape.org/wiki/index.php/Vector-brushes this blueprint].
+
* '''Triangle in''' and '''Triangle out''': tapering out in both directions
  
In Pencil tool, the controls bar now provides the '''Smoothing''' parameter, changeable in the range from 1 to 100, which controls how much smoothing is applied to the freehand line. Small Smoothing values produce rough lines with many nodes; large values give smooth lines with few nodes. (Previously, this control was only available in Inkscape Preferences.)
+
* '''Ellipse''': smooth elliptic shape stretching along path
  
===Pencil sketch mode===
+
* '''From clipboard''': any path you had previously selected and copied to clipboard
[johan]
+
Press alt and sketch away, release alt to finalize result.
+
  
==Text tool==
+
To adjust the width of the stroke, open the Path Effect Editor, choose "Pattern along path" effect, and edit its Width parameter. It is measured in units of the original size of the applied shape; the triangles and ellipse are all 10px in size, and the clipboard size can be any size. The default value of Width is 1.00, which means the triangle/elliptic strokes will be 10px wide and the from-clipboard stroke will be as wide as the copied object was tall.
  
When editing multiline or flowed text, the '''PgUp''' and '''PgDn''' keys now work to move the cursor by one screen (i.e. by as many lines as fit into the screen at current zoom).
+
====Pencil smoothing====
  
 +
In Pencil tool, the controls bar now provides the '''Smoothing''' parameter, changeable in the range from 1 to 100, which controls how much smoothing is applied to the freehand lines you draw. Small Smoothing values produce rough lines with many nodes; large values give smooth lines with few nodes. Previously, this control was only available in Inkscape Preferences.
  
=Live path effects=
+
====Pencil sketch mode====
== Notable bug fixes and effect changes==
+
We try to refrain from changing the behavior of LPE's, because it will change appearance in old files when opened in new version of Inkscape (but not in any other SVG viewer or editor).  However, when an effect is really broken, we have to fix it:
+
  
* The Pattern Along Path effect:
+
The sketch mode is still experimental. In essence, it enables the artist to draw many strokes, which Inkscape then averages into a single path. It tries to mimic sketching with a real pencil and paper, taking the 'visual average' of many strokes and condensing it into one stroke.
**The pattern used to be stretched across discontinuities. This has been fixed; now it treats a discontinuous path as a group of continuous paths and applied the effect separately to each.
+
** Successive copies of the pattern can now be fused into continuous paths (using the new "fuse nearby ends" feature) so that "filling" the result works as expected.
+
  
==New effects==
+
Pick the pencil tool, press '''Alt''', and sketch away; release Alt to finalize the result. After each stroke (a stroke starts when the mouse button is pressed down, and ends when it is released), the resulting path will be an average of the old result and the newly drawn stroke. In Inkscape's Pencil tool preferences, one can choose to either average between all drawn strokes (so that all stroke have the same weight), or just the new stroke and the old result (so that later strokes have greater weight).
  
* '''Sketch''': Simulates hand-drawn lines. A set of parameters let you tune the effect. They are all summarized in this [[:Image:SketchParameters.png|picture]].[jfb]
+
Currently, going back and forth between A and B in one stroke does not give the expected result; it will result in a long path going back and forth, instead of the visually expected path going from A to B just once. We are working on this (difficult!) issue. For best results, draw strokes only from A to B (and not from B to A).
 +
 
 +
===Text tool===
 +
 
 +
* When editing multiline or flowed text, the '''PgUp''' and '''PgDn''' keys now work to move the cursor by one screen (i.e. by as many lines as fit into the screen at current zoom).
 +
 
 +
* The usability of the font family drop-down list in the Text tool controls bar has been improved: it no longer steals focus, all keyboard shortcuts work as designed ('''Alt+X''' to access the family control, '''Alt+down''' to open the drop-down list with font previews, '''arrows''' to move in the list, '''Enter''' to set chosen font) and the completion feature works (start typing a family name and a pop-up list with possible completions appears).
 +
 
 +
:A remaining problem that may be fixed in a future version is that the first opening of the drop-down list of family names may be slow (several seconds) if you have many fonts installed (the delay is Inkscape generating the previews for all fonts). Subsequent openings of the list are much faster.
 +
 
 +
===Connector tool===
 +
 
 +
* Connectors are now drawn to the edges of shapes, rather than to the bounding box of shapes.
 +
* The routing buffer around shapes is now altered in the correct direction when the user changes this via the spacing control fon the connector toolbar.
 +
* A bug has been fixed where the spinboxes on the connector toolbar did not properly respond to single clicks of their up and down arrows.
 +
 
 +
==Path effects==
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Path Effects stacking===
 +
 
 +
More than one Path Effect can be assigned to an object. A new UI was created to control the stack in the Path Effects Editor (Shift+Ctrl+7): the '''Effect list''' shows the stack of effects for the selected object; below, buttons allow you to move a selected effect in the stack up or down or remove it from stack.
 +
 
 +
The stack works from top to bottom, i.e. the topmost listed effect is applied first, the second one works on the result of the first, and so on until the bottom effect which produces the final visible result. A new effect that you choose in the "Apply new effect" list and created by the '''Add''' button gets added to the end of the current stack.
 +
 
 +
===Path Effects for groups===
 +
 
 +
Path effects can now be assigned to a group. In most cases, the effect is applied recursively to the member paths, but for Bend Path and Envelope Deformation the result that the distortion applies to the group as a whole.
 +
 
 +
* You can, as usual, enter the group by double-clicking on it, and edit the paths there watching the transformed result update live.
 +
 
 +
* Path effects can be assigned to groups of groups, applying recursively to all grouped paths.
 +
 
 +
* The ''Convert Object to Path'' command (Ctrl+Shift+C), when applied to a group with effects applied, removes these effects from group and converts all its member paths to effect-less paths looking exactly as before.
 +
 
 +
===Misc new features===
 +
 
 +
* The '''Paste Path Effect''' command in Path menu can now assign the path effect of the clipboard's path to any number of paths, going recursively into groups if necessary.
 +
 
 +
* A new command, '''Remove Path Effect''' in Path menu, removes any path effects from all selected objects, going recursively into groups if necessary.
 +
 
 +
* Path effects can now be assigned to the sides of a 3D box (use '''Ctrl+click''' to select individual sides) without breaking its 3D functionality.
 +
 
 +
* The Pen and Pencil tools now correctly work with paths with effects: you can continue such a path or add a new subpath to it by drawing with '''Shift''', while preserving the effects applied to it.
 +
 
 +
* Path parameters of effects can now link to existing shapes <b>or texts</b>. For example, now it is possible to use a text as the pattern for the Pattern Along Path effect, or shape a path with the Envelope Deformation where one of the envelope sides is text! Since the effect links to the text, not copies it, the result will update live if you edit the text.
 +
 
 +
* Lib2geom now has an implementation for EllipticalArc. For Inkscape, this means that it is now possible to directly copy-paste ellipse shapes to path parameters (e.g. 'pattern' in Pattern along Path), without the need to convert the ellipse to path first.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===New effects===
 +
 
 +
* '''Sketch''': Simulates hand-drawn lines. A set of parameters lets you tune the effect. They are all summarized in this [[:Image:SketchParameters.png|picture]].
  
 
:[[Image:SketchExemple.png|300px]]
 
:[[Image:SketchExemple.png|300px]]
  
* '''Hatches''' Fills the given shape with rough, configurable and randomized, hatches, simulating quick hand-drawn hatches.[jfb]
+
* '''Hatches''': Fills the shape with rough, randomized hatches, simulating a quick hand drawing. It is configurable through numeric parameters as well as on-screen handles visible in Node tool.  
 
:[[Image:hatches-lpe.png|300px]].
 
:[[Image:hatches-lpe.png|300px]].
  
* '''von Koch''': This effect creates fractal pictures (example). To the input shape are added some transformed (rotated/scaled/slanted) copies of it, and then copies of the copies, etc... to get the final shape. The transforms are defined via a path.
+
* '''von Koch''': This effect creates fractal pictures. A collection of transformations (rotations, rescalings, etc...) is recursively applied to the input path. The transforms are derived from a "reference" path (a line segment) and a "generating" path (basically a collection of segments): the transforms are those needed to move the reference segment onto each segment of the generating path (components in the generating path having more than one segment might be used to define shearing/mirroring transforms). A famous example is the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Koch_snowflake von Koch's snowflake].
 
:[[Image:VonKochExample.png|300px]]
 
:[[Image:VonKochExample.png|300px]]
  
:''Warning'': the complexity of the output path grows exponentially fast with the number of generations. As a guardrail, an (editable) complexity bound is provided, above which the effect is disabled.[jfb]
+
:''Warning'': the complexity of the output path grows exponentially fast with the number of generations. As a guardrail, an editable complexity bound is provided, above which the effect is disabled.
  
* '''Knot''': Creates a knot from a flat self intersecting curve. At each crossing, one string is interrupted to make it look like going under the other. The "sign" of each crossing can be set independantly.  
+
* '''Knot''': Creates a knot from a flat self-intersecting curve: at each crossing, one strand is interrupted to make it look like it's going under the other. The "sign" of each crossing (first strand interrupted, second interrupted, or no interruptions) can be set independently by clicking the on-screen handle which can be dragged from one crossing to the other.  
 
:[[Image:KnotExample.png|300px]]
 
:[[Image:KnotExample.png|300px]]
  
:''Known limitation'': can not be applied to groups nor be shared by different objects.[jfb]
+
:''Warning'': as far as possible, the lpe tries to keep the modifications of crossing signs unchanged under small deformations. For large or topology changing deformations however, some or all crossings might jump back to their default orientation.
 
+
* '''Perspective paths''': Draw an arbitrary path as if viewed in perspective. This is work in progress. Known limitations (among others): It can only use the first perspective that exists in the document defs, and the perspective cannot be adapted interactively yet (the effect must be removed and reapplied after modifying the perspective). [max]
+
  
 
* '''Spiro splines''' are a novel way of defining curvilinear paths [http://www.levien.com/spiro/ developed by Raph Levien]. It takes some getting used to, but for certain tasks (such as lettershape design) Spiros have a clear advantage over Bezier curves. Recently, Spiro support was added to the FontForge font editor; now it is available in Inkscape too, which means you can use all the convenient Inkscape path tools (moving and transforming groups of nodes, node sculpting, etc.) on Spiro paths.
 
* '''Spiro splines''' are a novel way of defining curvilinear paths [http://www.levien.com/spiro/ developed by Raph Levien]. It takes some getting used to, but for certain tasks (such as lettershape design) Spiros have a clear advantage over Bezier curves. Recently, Spiro support was added to the FontForge font editor; now it is available in Inkscape too, which means you can use all the convenient Inkscape path tools (moving and transforming groups of nodes, node sculpting, etc.) on Spiro paths.
Line 154: Line 238:
 
:Some configurations of points do not converge and produce wild loops and spirals instead of a smooth curve. According to Raph, "The spline solver in this release is _not_ numerically robust. When you start drawing random points, you'll quickly run into divergence. However, "sensible" plates based on real fonts usually converge." Avoid too sharp changes in direction between points to prevent divergence. Hopefully, the robustness of the algorithm will be improved in future releases.
 
:Some configurations of points do not converge and produce wild loops and spirals instead of a smooth curve. According to Raph, "The spline solver in this release is _not_ numerically robust. When you start drawing random points, you'll quickly run into divergence. However, "sensible" plates based on real fonts usually converge." Avoid too sharp changes in direction between points to prevent divergence. Hopefully, the robustness of the algorithm will be improved in future releases.
  
:For now, to edit Spiro paths viewing the result in real time, you have to use the Node tool; it is recommended to turn off the red highlight of the source path as it is a distraction. The Pen tool does not yet allow you to preview a Spiro as you draw, although you can paste the Spiro effect on the path and see the result as soon as the path is finalized.  
+
:For now, to edit Spiro paths viewing the result in real time, you have to use the Node tool; it is recommended to turn off the red highlight of the source path. The Pen tool does not yet allow you to preview a Spiro as you draw, although you can paste the Spiro effect on the path and see the result as soon as the path is finalized.  
  
 
:You can always use the Node tool to continue a Spiro path by duplicating and dragging away its end nodes. Also, when you have a Spiro path selected, you can add a new subpath to it with Pen or Pencil if you start drawing with Shift.
 
:You can always use the Node tool to continue a Spiro path by duplicating and dragging away its end nodes. Also, when you have a Spiro path selected, you can add a new subpath to it with Pen or Pencil if you start drawing with Shift.
  
* '''Construct Grid'''  [johan]
+
* '''Construct Grid''': Draws a grid using the first three nodes of a path. The center node defines the origin. The other two nodes define the direction and length of the two adjacent sides of the first cell. If a path has more than three nodes, the other nodes are ignored. One can select the number of cells in the two orthogonal directions.
 +
 
 +
* '''Envelope Deformation''': Allows you to deform an object (or a group of object) by deforming its sides. Modifications are done by deforming the four path parameters: Top, Bottom, Left and Right; for each, you can edit it with Node tool, copy, paste, or link to an existing path in the document.
 +
 
 +
* '''Ruler''': Draws ruler marks along the path; you can set distance between the marks, their length for major and minor marks, the major/minor ratio, and other parameters.
 +
 
 +
* '''Interpolate Subpaths''': Creates a given number of interpolated paths between the (first) two subpaths of a path (the subpaths after the second subpath are ignored). The interpolations are spread along an editable trajectory path.
 +
:[[Image:InterpolateSubpathsExample.png|342px]]
 +
 
 +
<!-- These effects are still hidden or under development, unhide them when they are added...
 +
 
 +
* '''Perspective paths''': Draw an arbitrary path as if viewed in perspective. This is work in progress. Known limitations (among others): It can only use the first perspective that exists in the document defs, and the perspective cannot be adapted interactively yet (the effect must be removed and reapplied after modifying the perspective). [max]
 +
* '''Lattice Deformation''' allows you to deform an object (or a group of objects) by moving 16 control points.
  
 
* '''Perpendicular bisector''' [max]
 
* '''Perpendicular bisector''' [max]
  
* '''AngleBisector''' [max]
+
* '''Angle bisector''' [max]
  
 
* '''Tangent to a curve''' [max]
 
* '''Tangent to a curve''' [max]
Line 169: Line 265:
  
 
* '''Circle with radius''' [max]
 
* '''Circle with radius''' [max]
 
* '''Envelope Deformation''' allows the user to deform an object (or a group of object) by deforming its sides. Modifications are done by deforming the 4 Path parameters : Top and Bottom, Left and Right.
 
 
* '''Lattice Deformation''' allows the user to deform an object (or a group of object) by moving 16 control points.
 
 
* '''Ruler''': [max]
 
  
 
* '''Freehand Shape''': [max]
 
* '''Freehand Shape''': [max]
 
* '''Interpolate Subpaths''': [Johan]
 
  
 
* '''Path Length''': [max]
 
* '''Path Length''': [max]
  
 
* '''Text Label''': [max]
 
* '''Text Label''': [max]
 +
-->
  
==New features==
+
===Notable effect bugfixes and changes===
* The '''Paste Path Effect''' command is enabled to assign the path effect of the clipboard to any number of paths, going recursively into groups if necessary.
+
  
* A new command, '''Remove path effect''' removes any path effects from all selected objects, going recursively into groups if necessary.  
+
We try to refrain from changing the behavior of existing path effects, because it will change appearance in old files when opened in a new version of Inkscape (but not in any other SVG viewer or editor). However, when an effect is really broken, we have to fix it:
  
* Along with the commands to open the path effects dialog and to paste path effects, the three commands were collected in a submenu under Path menu.
+
* '''Pattern Along Path''':
 +
**The pattern used to be stretched across discontinuities (separate subpaths). This has been fixed; now it treats a discontinuous path as a group of continuous paths and applies the effect separately to each.
 +
** Successive copies of the pattern can now be fused into continuous paths (using the new "fuse nearby ends" feature) so that "filling" the result works as expected.
  
* Live path effects can now be assigned to the sides of a 3D box (use Ctrl+click to select individual sides).
+
* '''Bend Path''':
 +
** Closed input paths would sometimes result in unclosed output paths. This has been fixed.
  
* The Pen and Pencil tools now correctly work with paths with LPEs: you can continue such a path or add a new subpath to it by drawing with Shift, all preserving the effect applied to it.
+
==Import/Export==
 +
===PostScript and EPS import===
  
* Path type parameters can now link to existing shapes <b>and text</b>, like clones do. Now it is possible to use text as input for the Pattern Along Path effect for example!
+
Inkscape's PS and EPS import now uses Ghostscript instead of pstoedit. If you need to open files of these types, install Ghostscript and make sure the directory with the <code>ps2pdf</code> utility from Ghostscript installation is in your PATH. On importing a file, you will see a preferences dialog, similar to PDF import; for multipage PS files, this dialog allows you to select which page to open.
  
* Lib2geom now has an implementation for EllipticalArc. For Inkscape, this means that it is now possible to directly copy-paste ellipse shapes on path parameters (e.g. 'pattern' in Pattern along Path), without the need to convert the ellipse object to path first. [needs coding and checking]
+
On Windows 7, this is done as follows.
  
==Live Path Effects for groups==
+
1. Right click on '''Computer''' and select '''Properties'''. On the top left, click on '''Advanced system settings''', then '''Environment Variables'''. Under '''System Variables''' find '''PATH''' (or make it using '''New...'''), and click on it, then click '''Edit...'''.
  
LPE can now be assigned to a group. For most LPE, the effect is applied recursively but for Bend Path or Deformations the result is more powerful : the distortion applies on the whole group.  
+
2. In the edit dialogue, you must links for both the '''bin''' and '''lib''' directories for Ghostscript. They must be separated from the previous entry and each other by a colon, for example '''[previous entry];C:\Program Files\gs\gs8.70\lib;C:\Program Files\gs\gs8.70\bin'''. Do not forget to reload the user-settings, e.g. by log-out and log-in, or by restarting your OS.
  
*You can as usual enter the group by double-clicking on it.
+
===PDF import===
*It applies recursively, this means that a LPE can be assigned to groups of groups
+
*The Effect can be applied definitively with "Convert Object to path"
+
  
==Live Path Effects stacking==
+
* A new checkbox on the PDF import dialog, '''Replace PDF fonts with closest-named installed fonts''' (on by default) attempts to replace all font names in the imported PDF with the most similar names of those fonts installed on your system. For example, if the PDF uses the font "TimesNewRomanPSMT" and you have "Times New Roman" installed, that font will be used, which will likely give you a more correct appearance than the unknown font "TimesNewRomanPSMT" that will be displayed as the default sans serif font. This is a temporary fix necessary because Inkscape cannot yet extract the fonts from the PDF files it imports nor can it embed them into SVG; when it gets these capabilities, such font name conversion will become unnecessary because all fonts will be preserved.
  
With Live Path Effects stacking, more than one Live Path Effect can be assigned to an item. A new UI was created to control the stack.
+
* Importing PDF files now works '''from the command line'''. For example,
  
=Import/Export=
+
inkscape file.pdf --export-plain-svg=file.svg
==PostScript and EPS import==
+
  
Inkscape's capability to open or import PS and EPS files now uses Ghostscript instead of pstoedit. If you need to open files of these types, install Ghostscript and make sure the directory with the <code>ps2pdf</code> utility from Ghostscript installation is in your PATH. On opening, you will see a preferences dialog similar to PDF import, which, for multipage PS files, allows you to select the page to open.
+
:will take the first page of the PDF and use the default import options, and save the result to SVG. If you try to import PDF without an <code>--export</code> command, it will show the import options dialog as before and open the file in the UI.
  
==PDF import from the command line==
+
===PDF, PostScript, and EPS export===
  
Now you can use, for example,
+
The new Cairo-based PS and EPS exporter provides much better support for various vector features, including clipping paths, patterns, and non-ASCII characters. Those features that are not supported by the targeted format become embedded bitmaps that preserve the appearance. In particular:
  
inkscape file.pdf --export-plain-svg=file.svg
+
* '''transparency''' is always rasterized in PS or EPS but not PDF, as PDF supports vector transparency;
  
It will take the first page of the PDF and all the default import options, and save the result to SVG. (Before, it crashed because it tried to open the PDF import preferences dialog and could not do it in the command line mode.) If you try to import PDF without an <code>--export</code> command, it will show the prefs dialog as before and open the file in the UI.
+
* '''filters''', such as blur, are by default rasterized in all three formats (PS, EPS, PDF). This can be turned off by unchecking the "Rasterize filter effects" option in the UI or adding the '''--export-ignore-filters''' option via the command line. In this case, filtered objects are rendered as vectors without filters and without rasterization.
  
==PDF, PostScript, and EPS export==
+
* The '''resolution''' for rasterizing the filters can be set in the UI in the "Resolution for rasterization (dpi)" parameter or on the command line by '''--export-dpi''' parameter (same as used for exporting SVG documents to bitmaps). The default is 90 dpi. The '''rendering quality''' of filters for rasterization, as well as for bitmap export, is always the best possible regardless of what you have set in the Filters tab of Preferences (which only affects on-screen rendering). For example,
  
The new cairo-based PS and EPS exporter provides a much better support for various vector features, including '''clipping paths''', '''patterns''', and '''non-ASCII characters'''. Those features that are not supported by the target formats are exported via embedded rasters that preserve the appearance; in particular:
+
inkscape --export-pdf=out.pdf --export-dpi=300 file.svg
  
* transparency is always rasterized in PS or EPS (but not PDF, as PDF supports vector transparency);
+
:will export file.svg to out.pdf, rasterizing any filtered objects in it at 300 dpi. (If there are no filtered objects, the --export-dpi has no effect.)
  
* filters, such as blur, is by default rasterized in all three formats (PS, EPS, PDF), but this can be turned off by unchecking the "Rasterize filter effects" option in the UI or adding the --export-ignore-filters option via the command line, in which case filtered objects are rendered as vectors without filters and without rasterization.
+
All of PS, EPS, and PDF export formats uniformly support the export area options (page or drawing) and the new export-id option:
  
All of PS, EPS, and PDF export formats uniformly support the export area options (canvas or drawing) and the new export-id option:
+
* You can now export a single object from a complex document (for example, a single layer) if you specify the ID of that object in the "Limit export to the object with ID" field in the GUI or via the '''--export-id=ID''' option on the command line. The export will show only that object (all others will not be exported). The BoundingBox (page size) of the exported PS/EPS/PDF file will correspond to the bounding box of that object. You can override this with "Export area is page" (GUI) or '''--export-area-page''' (command line) option which forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's page (this may not be possible with EPS, see below).
  
* You can now export a single object from a complex document (for example, a single layer) if you specify the ID of that object in the "Limit export to the object with ID" field in the GUI or via the '''--export-id=ID''' option on the command line. The export will show only that object (all others will not be exported at all). The BoundingBox (page size) of the exported PS/EPS/PDF file will correspond to the bounding box of that object; you can override that with "Export area is whole canvas" (GUI) or '''--export-area-canvas''' (command line) option which forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's canvas (this may not be possible with EPS, see below).
+
* The "Export area is page" (GUI) or '''--export-area-page''' (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's page. This is the default for PS and PDF but not for EPS.  
  
* The "Export area is whole canvas" (GUI) or '''--export-area-canvas''' (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's canvas. This is the default for PS and PDF but not for EPS.  
+
:*Note, the specification of the EPS format does not allow a bounding box to extend beyond the content. This is enforced by the Cairo graphics library which means that when <code>--export-area-page</code> is used with EPS export, the page bounding box will be trimmed inwards (but never expanded outwards) to the bounding box of the content if it is smaller. If you want a file which has a %BoundingBox different from the bounding box of its content, you can use PS or PDF export formats instead of EPS, or add a white background rectangle with the required size to source document before exporting to EPS.
  
:*Note that for EPS, the specification of the format does not allow its bounding box to extend beyond its content. This means that when --export-area-canvas is used with EPS export, the canvas bounding box will be trimmed inwards (but never outwards) to the bounding box of the content if it is smaller. If you want a file which has a %BoundingBox different from the bounding box of its content, you can use PS or PDF export formats instead of EPS, or add a white background rectangle with the required size to source document before exporting to EPS.
+
:* The '''--export-bbox-page''' command line parameter has been removed; use '''--export-area-page''' instead.
  
:* The <b>--export-bbox-page</b> command line parameter is removed; use <b>--export-area-canvas</b> instead.  
+
:* The '''--export-area-page''' option was renamed from '''--export-area-canvas''' for consistency with the use of the terms page and canvas in the GUI.
  
* The "Export area is the drawing" (GUI) or '''--export-area-drawing''' (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the exported objects' bounding box, regardless of canvas size. If no --export-id is specified, this means the bounding box of the entire drawing; with --export-id, this means the bounding box of the exported object only. This is the default for EPS.  
+
* The "Export area is drawing" (GUI) or '''--export-area-drawing''' (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the exported objects' bounding box, regardless of page size. If no --export-id is specified, this means the bounding box of the entire drawing; with --export-id, this means the bounding box of the exported object only. This is the default for EPS. Note that checking "Export area is page" or using '''--export-area-page''' overrides this setting for PS and PDF output.
  
* The <b>--export-embed-fonts</b> option is removed; now Inkscape always embeds and subsets all fonts used in the document when exporting PS, EPS, or PDF.
+
* The '''--export-embed-fonts''' option is removed. Inkscape now always embeds and subsets all fonts used in the document when exporting PS, EPS, or PDF.
  
==Corel DRAW files import==
+
===UniConvertor-based import and export===
  
Now Inkscape can import more Corel DRAW files of following types:
+
Inkscape can now use UniConvertor to import files of the following types:
  
* Corel DRAW Compressed Exchange files (CCX)
+
* Corel DRAW versions 7 to X4 document files (CDR)
* Corel DRAW 7-X4 Template files (CDT)
+
* Corel DRAW versions 7 to X4 Template files (CDT)
 
* Corel DRAW Presentation Exchange files (CMX)
 
* Corel DRAW Presentation Exchange files (CMX)
 +
* Corel DRAW Compressed Exchange files (CCX)
 +
* sK1 files (SK1)
 +
* Computer Graphics Metafiles (CGM)
 +
* Windows Metafiles (WMF)
 +
* HPGL (AutoCAD) Plot files (PLT) (requires UniConvertor 1.1.4)
  
Text objects are not supported as of UniConvertor 1.1.1.
+
Inkscape can now use UniConvertor to export files of the following types:
  
==sK1 files import==
+
* Windows Metafiles (WMF)
 +
* sK1 files (SK1)
 +
* HPGL (AutoCAD) Plot files (PLT) (requires UniConvertor 1.1.4)
  
Inkscape uses UniConvertor to import sK1 files. Text objects are not supported as of UniConvertor 1.1.1.
+
Text objects are not supported as of UniConvertor 1.1.4.
  
==CGM import==
+
On Windows, UniConvertor is included with Inkscape distribution and does not require separate installation.
  
Inkscape uses UniConvertor to import Computer Graphics Metafile (CGM) files. Text objects are not supported as of UniConvertor 1.1.1.
+
===HPGL export===
  
==HPGL export==
+
In addition to the HPGL export via UniConvertor listed above, Inkscape can now export to HPGL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) via an internal routine that is geared towards various cutters/plotters.
  
Inkscape can now export to HPGL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language). It is a file format that is used for various cutters/plotters.
+
===JavaFX export===
  
==JavaFX export==
+
Inkscape can export drawings to JavaFX format (.fx file extension).
  
[]
+
===DXF import and export===
  
==DXF export==
+
* DXF export for desktop cutting plotters is much faster than in previous versions. A new option was added to provide support for RoboMaster desktop cutting software. Also, polylines and polysplines are now supported.
  
DXF export is much faster than in previous versions.
+
* DXF import is new. It supports a number of the simpler DXF shapes: line, Bezier spline, ellipse, circular arc, text.
  
==PNG export==
+
===PNG export===
  
* If you specify a relative path for exported PNG file (e.g. <code>../</code>) it will now be resolved relative to the current document's location.
+
* PNG export has been updated to include metadata if present in the source SVG. This includes the Author, Copyright, Creation Time, Description, and Title fields. PNG metadata can be viewed using the ImageMagick <code>identify</code> command.
  
* PNG export has been updated to include metadata if present in the source SVG.
+
* Export filenames that are relative (e.g. <code>../file.png</code> or simply <code>file.png</code>) are now resolved relative to the document's location. This applies to the filenames you type in the Export dialog as well as those stored in export hints in the document itself (and used by the "Batch export" checkbutton as well as in command line export with <code>--export-use-hints</code>). However, export filenames specified directly on the command line are not resolved, which in effect means they work, as before, from the current working directory from which you run the export command.
  
= Autosave =
+
===OCAL (Open Clip Art Library) Export===
 +
* Export to the [http://www.openclipart.org/ Open Clip Art Library (OCAL)] has been disabled for 0.47 as it had become non-functional and needs to be re-written.
  
Autosave has now been added to allow for automatic timed backups as work goes on. Saved versions are put in a designated directory and do not overwrite the original SVG file and each other. Go to Inkscape Preferences, Autosave tab, to enable this feature and specify the backup time interval, the directory, and the maximum number of saved backups (if this number is exceeded, old backups will start to be deleted).
+
==Autosave==
  
=Extension effects=
+
The new autosave feature allow for automatic timed backups as work goes on. Saved versions are put in a designated directory and do not overwrite the original SVG file nor each other.
==New and improved effects==
+
  
* The new '''Arrange > Restack''' extension restacks the Z-order of selected objects, from left to right, top to bottom (or vice versa), with radial outward or inward or by an arbitrary angle, specifying the base point for comparison (top, left, middle, etc.).
+
In Inkscape Preferences (Ctrl+Shift+P), '''Save''' tab, you can enable this feature and specify various options:
* The improved '''Modify Path > Add Nodes''' extension now also allows segments to be divided into a given number of subsegments.
+
* The new '''Printing > Add cut marks''' extension add cut marks and color bars required by printing bureaus. You can either manually define margins by which cut marks are created, or use a rectangle for that.
+
* The new '''Render > 3D Polyhedron''' extension allows drawing polyhedrons from scratch and render them from OBJ files.
+
* The new '''Render > Alphabet Soup''' extension is a vector rework of Matt Chrisholm's [http://www.theory.org/artprojects/alphabetsoup/main.html GPLed script]. Alphabet Soup randomly mashes glyph-elements together to make exotic looking text.
+
* The new '''Render > Cartesian Grid''' extension plots Cartesian (square) grids that do not fill the page, but offer three levels of division, logarithmic scales (with clutter-reduction and arbitrary base) and customisable line width. All like elements (eg x-axis subminor divisions) are put into subgroups together. A proper border is also drawn, with an independent line thickness.
+
* The new '''Render > Draw from Triangle''' extension takes a triangle drawn as a path (only the first three nodes of a path are counted) and allows to draw many triangle-related geometrical objects such as circumcircles, excentral triangles, etc. It also allows entry of custom trilinear coordinated and triangle centre functions, as well as computation of basic triangle properties such as area and semiperimeter.
+
* The new '''Render > Guides Creator''' extension allows creating easily horizontal and vertical guides for dividing equally the canvas. You can choose the divisions from None, 1/2, 1/3 ... to 1/10.
+
* The new '''Render > Polar Grid''' extension plots a polar co-ordinate grid, with options for arbitrary-base logarithmic subdivisions, clutter-reduction around the origin, circumferential labels and custom line widths.
+
* A collection of effects for creating SVG filters was added in the Filters submenu (see the section on SVG Filters).
+
* The new '''Text > Convert to Braille''' extension recodes English (or just Latin letters) text to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braille Braille] code. This is obviously just an aesthetical feature. It is not intended to create real braille text for visually impaired people but instead it is meant to enable an accurate graphical representation of braille text to be used in illustrations.
+
  
==API changes==
+
* the time interval between backups, in minutes;
  
While the "Live preview" checkbox is useful for most effects, for some it just does not make sense. Now, you can add the attribute <code>needs-live-preview="false"</code> in the <code>effect</code> element in the .inx file of the effect to suppress this checkbox for your effect.
+
* the directory where you want the backups to be stored;
  
Parameters passed to extensions (via the <param> element) now have a new boolean attribute - <code>gui-hidden</code> to indicate that the parameter should not be represented in the GUI. If all parameters are marked as hidden no GUI is presented for such extension.
+
* and the maximum number of saved backups (if this number is exceeded, old backups will start to be deleted).
  
All '''.inx''' files are now properly formatted XML files with its own namespace of: <code><nowiki>http://www.inkscape.org/namespace/inkscape/extension</nowiki></code> and a Relax NG schema to define it. More information can be found in the [[Extensions]] Article.
+
==Extensions==
  
=Filters=
+
* The former Effects menu is renamed to '''Extensions'''. This is less confusing and better reflects the content of the menu: a collection of extensions, written mostly in Python, which perform various tasks with or without selection.
  
==One-command filters via extensions==
+
===New and improved extensions===
  
The Filter Effects dialog is powerful, but can be quite cumbersome. There is now a way to add complex predefined filters to the selected objects by a single command by choosing it from Effects > Filters submenu. Further submenus categorize the filters by function. Most filters apply immediately after selecting the command; some present a dialog where you can adjust some of the parameters before applying the filter (such filters have "..." at the end of the command in the menu). If the selected object already has some filter applied, the chosen filter will be merged with the existing filter for combined effect.  
+
* The new '''Arrange > Restack''' extension restacks (changes the z-order of) selected objects, with options including: left to right, top to bottom (or vice versa), radial outward or inward, or at an arbitrary angle. You can also specify what point of an object is used to calculate its position for restacking.
  
You can easily add your own filters to these menus. Simply place any SVG file with the filters to the <code>filters</code> subdirectory of your config directory (<code>~/.config/Inkscape/</code> on Linux) and the filters will be picked up. By default, they will be placed in the Personal submenu under Effects > Filters. If you want to control this, add the following attributes to the <code>filter</code> element:
+
* The new '''Generate from Path > Extrude''' extension is similar to the old Extrude effect, which has been renamed Motion. The new effect requires two paths and draws connection lines or polygons between their nodes. If you want more dense extrusion, add more nodes to the paths. All the extrusion polygons are separate (grouped) objects, so they can be easily painted by the Tweak tool to get nicely shaded ribbons, 3D letters, and the like.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Generate from Path > Scatter''' extension spreads copies of pattern along arbitrary "skeleton" paths. The pattern must be the topmost object in the selection. Groups of paths, shapes, clones are allowed.
 +
 
 +
* The improved '''Modify Path > Add Nodes''' extension now allows segments to be divided into a given number of subsegments.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Modify Path > Convert to Dashes''' extension takes the dash pattern of the stroke and explicitly cuts the curve to duplicate this pattern. This can be used to allow desktop cutting plotters, which don't understand dashed stroke style, to cut dashed paths. You can also achieve interesting effects with smoothly varying dash length if you edit the resulting path with Node Sculpting technique (Alt+drag with Node tool).
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Add printing marks''' extension adds printing marks and color bars required by print bureaus. You can either manually define margins by which cut marks are created.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > 3D Polyhedron''' extension draws 2D projections of 3D polyhedrons and other 3D shapes. You can choose one of a number of predefined shapes (cube, octahedron, truncated dodecahedron and others) or load a shape definition from an OBJ file. The shape can be rotated around any of the three axes by arbitrary amount; you can also define various style options such as color of the faces and stroke width, and enable shading with adjustable light source position.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Alphabet Soup''' extension is a vector rework of Matt Chrisholm's [http://www.theory.org/artprojects/alphabetsoup/main.html script]. Alphabet Soup randomly mashes glyph elements together to make exotic-looking text.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Cartesian Grid''' extension plots Cartesian (square) grids that do not fill the page, but offer three levels of division, logarithmic scales (with clutter-reduction and arbitrary base) and customizable line width. All like elements (e.g. x-axis subminor divisions) are put into subgroups together. A proper border is also drawn, with an independent line width.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Polar Grid''' extension plots a polar coordinate grid, with options for arbitrary-base logarithmic subdivisions, clutter-reduction around the origin, circumferential labels and custom line widths.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Draw from Triangle''' extension takes a triangle drawn as a path (only the first three nodes of a path are counted) and allows to draw many triangle-related geometrical objects such as circumcircles, excentral triangles, etc. It also lets you specify custom trilinear coordinates and triangle centre functions, as well as compute basic triangle properties such as area and semiperimeter.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Guides Creator''' extension quickly creates horizontal and vertical guides for subdividing the canvas. You can choose the divisions from None, 1/2, 1/3 ... to 1/10.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Calendar''' extension draws a calendar for a given year with localizable month/weekday names, colors, and many other options.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Render > Foldable Box''' extension creates foldouts for paper boxes.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Text > Convert to Braille''' extension recodes English (or just Latin letters) text to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Braille Braille] code. It is not intended to create a real Braille text for visually impaired people, just an accurate graphical representation of Braille text to be used in illustrations.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Modify Path > Interpolate Attribute in a Group''' extension takes a group of objects and assigns to its members interpolated values of an attribute of your choice, such as width, height, opacity, etc.
 +
 
 +
* The new '''Web > JavaScript''' extensions allow you to set various interactive JavaScript attributes, such as onclick or onfocus, on SVG elements. Inkscape does not support them on rendering but you might need them for other SVG viewers such as Firefox.
 +
 
 +
===Extension API changes===
 +
 
 +
* While the "Live preview" checkbox is useful for most effects, for some it just does not make sense. Now, you can add the attribute <code>needs-live-preview="false"</code> in the <code>effect</code> element in the .inx file of the effect to suppress this checkbox for your effect.
 +
 
 +
* Parameters passed to extensions (via the <param> element) now can have a boolean attribute, <code>gui-hidden</code>, to indicate that the parameter should not be represented in the GUI. If all parameters are marked as hidden, no GUI is presented for such extension.
 +
 
 +
* All '''.inx''' files are now properly formatted XML files with their own namespace of: <code><nowiki>http://www.inkscape.org/namespace/inkscape/extension</nowiki></code> and a Relax NG schema to define it. More information can be found on the [[Extensions]] page.
 +
 
 +
==Filters==
 +
 
 +
The Filter Editor (former Filter Effects) and Remove Filters commands are moved from the Object menu to the new '''Filters''' top-level menu, which also contains a collection of preset filters.
 +
 
 +
===Preset filters===
 +
 
 +
The Filter Editor is powerful, but can be quite cumbersome. You can now apply complex '''preset filters''' to selected objects with a single command by choosing it from the new ''Filters'' top-level menu. Submenus categorize the filters by function or appearance. To view a sampler of all preset filters, open '''filters.svg''' document from Inkscape's examples (<code>share/examples</code> in the Inkscape tree).
 +
 
 +
Most filters apply immediately after selecting the command; some present a dialog where you can adjust some of the parameters before applying the filter (such filters have "..." at the end of the command in the menu).
 +
 
 +
By default, if the selected object already has some filter applied, the chosen filter will be '''merged''' with the existing filter for combined effect. However you can also '''overlay''' several filters to an object while keeping them separated: simply press Ctrl+G after applying any filter and then apply another one; the filters will then display separately in the Filters Editor.
 +
 
 +
You can easily add your own filters to these menus. Simply place any SVG file with the filters to the <code>filters</code> subdirectory of your config directory (<code>~/.config/Inkscape/</code> on Linux) and the filters will be picked up from it when you start Inkscape. By default, they will be placed in the ''Personal'' submenu under ''Effects > Filters''. If you want to control this, add the following attributes to the <code>filter</code> element:
  
 
  inkscape:label        is the command label
 
  inkscape:label        is the command label
Line 322: Line 460:
 
                         as you select the command)
 
                         as you select the command)
  
==Filters can be disabled==
+
===''No Filters'' rendering mode===
In order to facilitate editing documents that use lots of SVG filter effects, filter effects can now be disabled for a particular document window by selecting '''View|Display mode|No Filters''' from its menu.  This provides an intermediate step between "normal" and "outline" view modes.
+
In order to facilitate editing documents that use lots of SVG filter effects, filter effects can now be disabled for a particular document window by selecting ''View > Display mode > No Filters'' from the menu.  This provides an intermediate step between Normal and Outline view modes.
  
The Toggle view command in the Display mode submenu (Ctrl+keypad 5) toggles between the outline view and either regular or no-filters view, depending on which was used most recent.
+
The ''Toggle View'' command in the ''Display Mode'' submenu ('''Ctrl+keypad 5''') toggles between all 3 modes in a loop: Normal, No filters, Outline.
  
==Filter quality setting==
+
===Filter quality setting===
  
Instead of the 'blur quality' setting, Inkscape now has a general 'filter effects quality' setting. It affects all filters and gives you an opportunity to find optimum balance between speed and accuracy when rendering filters.
+
In addition to the Blur Quality setting, Inkscape now has a general ''Filter Effects Quality'' setting on the Filters tab of Inkscape Preferences. It affects all filters and gives you an opportunity to seek optimum balance between speed and accuracy when rendering filters.
  
=SVG output=
+
* '''Best quality''' is the quality used when exporting.
 +
* '''Better quality''' uses fast methods for transforming images, which occasionally shows up as jagged edges. Full rendering resolution is used.
 +
* Anything below that also uses low resolution rendering for filters.
  
==Optimized CSS properties==
+
For exporting images, the best quality is used regardless of this setting.
 +
 
 +
==SVG support==
 +
 
 +
===Optimized CSS properties===
  
 
* As a file size optimization, Inkscape does not write into SVG some of the stroke properties if the object has <code>stroke:none</code> and some of the fill properties when it has <code>fill:none</code>. The only situation where this might affect you is if you remove stroke from an object and then turn it back on - the object will get the default stroke instead of the same it had before.  
 
* As a file size optimization, Inkscape does not write into SVG some of the stroke properties if the object has <code>stroke:none</code> and some of the fill properties when it has <code>fill:none</code>. The only situation where this might affect you is if you remove stroke from an object and then turn it back on - the object will get the default stroke instead of the same it had before.  
Line 360: Line 504:
 
*The <code>marker-start</code>, <code>marker-mid</code>, and <code>marker-end</code> properties are not written if the <code>marker</code> property is already present with the same value.
 
*The <code>marker-start</code>, <code>marker-mid</code>, and <code>marker-end</code> properties are not written if the <code>marker</code> property is already present with the same value.
  
==Optimized path data==
+
===Optimized path data===
  
 
In this version, the size of the path data written in the <code>d=</code> attribute of <code>path</code> elements is reduced by about 10%. Inkscape generates the shortest possible path strings by avoiding repeated operators and using relative coordinates (when it helps).
 
In this version, the size of the path data written in the <code>d=</code> attribute of <code>path</code> elements is reduced by about 10%. Inkscape generates the shortest possible path strings by avoiding repeated operators and using relative coordinates (when it helps).
  
This is controlled by the '''SVG output''' page of Inkscape Preferences dialog, as well as the following attributes in <code>group id="svgoutput"</code> in your preferences.xml file:
+
This is controlled by the options on the '''SVG output''' page of Inkscape Preferences dialog. Also, you can change the following attributes in <code>group id="svgoutput"</code> in your preferences.xml file:
 +
 
 +
* <code>allowrelativecoordinates</code> (default 1) to switch relative coordinates on (1) or off (0)
 +
* <code>forcerepeatcommands</code> (default 0) to force repeating operators (1) or allow use of the more compact representation without repeated operators (0)
 +
 
 +
<!-- [this seems no longer to be true, fix it!!! I don't know what happened, someone changed something and now it no longer works :'( -johan]
  
* allowrelativecoordinates (default 1) to switch relative coordinates on (1) or off (0)
+
===No more explicit closing line segment===
* forcerepeatcommands (default 0) to force repeating operators (1) or allow use of the more compact representation without repeated operators (0)
+
Inkscape used to always explicitly write the closing line segment to SVG for closed paths, for example: "M 0,0 L 1,0 L 1,1 L 0,1 L 0,0 z". With the improved SVG path data writing, Inkscape no longer generates this closing line segment, resulting in "M 0,0 L 1,0 L 1,1 L 0,1 z".
  
==No more explicit closing line segment==
 
Inkscape used to always explicitly write the closing line segment to SVG for closed paths. For example: "M 0,0 L 1,0 L 1,1 L 0,1 L 0,0 z". With the improved SVG path data writing, Inkscape no longer generates this closing line segment, resulting in "M 0,0 L 1,0 L 1,1 L 0,1 z".
 
 
When SVG path data input contains this explicit closing segment, it is maintained throughout transformations, but is removed after using the node edit tool.
 
When SVG path data input contains this explicit closing segment, it is maintained throughout transformations, but is removed after using the node edit tool.
[this seems no longer to be true, fix it!!! -johan]
+
-->
  
==Horizontal and vertical path segments==
+
===Horizontal and vertical path segments===
  
 
If an SVG contains paths with shorthands for horizontal and vertical path segments ('H' or 'V'), then Inkscape will try to maintain those shorthands if possible, so the saved file will also contain them.
 
If an SVG contains paths with shorthands for horizontal and vertical path segments ('H' or 'V'), then Inkscape will try to maintain those shorthands if possible, so the saved file will also contain them.
  
==<script> support==
+
===<script> tag preserved===
  
 
While Inkscape does not yet support SVG scripting via the <script> element, this element is now preserved after editing the file in Inkscape.
 
While Inkscape does not yet support SVG scripting via the <script> element, this element is now preserved after editing the file in Inkscape.
  
==Initial SVG Fonts support==
+
===Initial SVG Fonts support===
  
 
As a SoC 2008 project, JucaBlues implemented initial parsing and rendering of [http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG11/fonts.html SVG Fonts].
 
As a SoC 2008 project, JucaBlues implemented initial parsing and rendering of [http://www.w3.org/TR/SVG11/fonts.html SVG Fonts].
The user can design fonts within Inkscape, but using these to render on canvas is not yet supported. Currently the main benefit of this feature is to improve the font design workflow when working with FontForge.
+
You can design fonts within Inkscape, but using them to render text on the canvas is not yet supported. We are waiting for libpango to implement proper support of the user-fonts feature.  
  
You can open the SVG Font dialog through Text->SVG Fonts menu option.
+
Currently, the main benefit of this feature is to improve the font design workflow when working with FontForge: You can save SVG files with fonts embedded and import them into Fontforge, and you only need one file per font instead of one file per glyph.
  
===Better font design workflow when using FontForge===
+
An SVG font is a mapping of chunks of SVG drawing to characters. When a certain character is used in a string, its respective glyph is rendered. If no glyph is declared for a certain character, then there is a default "missing glyph" that is rendered. You can set the drawing that defines this missing glyph; this is done by clicking on the '''Missing Glyph: From Selection...''' button at the top of the dialog.
Now we only need to create one SVG file containing an SVGFont and import it in FontForge instead of the several files (one SVG for each glyph) that were needed in 0.46 (before SVGFonts support).
+
  
=SVG Test Suite Compliance=
+
Here's an example of a font design workflow:
  
[describe what has been improved over 0.46 and point to recent test result website]
+
# Open the SVG Font dialog by _Text > SVG Fonts_.  
As a result of last year's GSoC, there is now a rendering test framework along with a number of tests (found in the SVN repository [http://inkscape.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/inkscape/gsoc-testsuite/tester/ here]. These tests can be run reasonably easily on any system (you don't need to be able to compile Inkscape) and include a large part of the [http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/Test/ [[W3C]] SVG Test Suite]. See [http://home.hccnet.nl/th.v.d.gronde/inkscape/ResultViewer.html this list] for up-to-date rendering results. Also see [[TestingInkscape]] for information on running and creating rendering tests.
+
# Click '''New''' under the font list. Select the new font in list; you can rename it by clicking on its name and typing a new name. You will see a set of black squares in the text preview area. This is the preview text being rendered. It only uses the default missing glyph (which is initially defined as a black square) because no specific glyphs were defined yet.
 +
# Draw something that you want to use for the missing glyph
 +
# Click '''Missing Glyph: From selection...'''
 +
# Draw a glyph for the "a" character (character matching is case sensitive)
 +
# On the '''Glyphs''' tab, click '''Add glyph'''
 +
# Type "a" in the '''Matching String''' column (at the moment, handling of the glyph-name attribute is not implemented)
 +
# With the row selected, click '''Get curves from selection...'''
 +
# Now, you will see the "a" glyph in the preview rendering if the preview text contains it. You can edit the preview text as needed to view different characters.
  
 +
Repeat steps 5 through 9 for every glyph you wish to add to your font, then save the SVG file and open it in FontForge for further editing.
 +
 +
===SVG Test Suite Compliance===
 +
 +
As a result of last year's GSoC, there is now a rendering test framework along with a number of tests (found in the SVN repository [http://inkscape.svn.sourceforge.net/svnroot/inkscape/gsoc-testsuite/tester/ here]). These tests can be run reasonably easily on any system (you don't need to be able to compile Inkscape) and include a large part of the [http://www.w3.org/Graphics/SVG/Test/ [[W3C]] SVG Test Suite]. See [http://home.hccnet.nl/th.v.d.gronde/inkscape/ResultViewer.html this page] or [http://auriga.mine.nu/inkscape/ this page] for up-to-date rendering results. Also see [[TestingInkscape]] for information on running and creating rendering tests.
 +
 +
<!-- [files which failed on 0.46 and now pass, and vice versa]
 
List of render test changes with respect to 0.46:
 
List of render test changes with respect to 0.46:
...[files which failed on 0.46 and now pass, and vice versa]
+
-->
  
=Other features=
+
==Editing Aids==
  
==Desktop integration improvements==
+
===Grids===
 +
* The dotted rectangular grid now shows small crosses at the intersection points of emphasis lines.
  
* '''Clipboard is system-wide''' - you can now copy/paste objects between different Inkscape instances as well as between Inkscape and other applications (which must be able to handle SVG on the clipboard to use this).
+
===Guides===
  
* '''Open Recent menu''' now integrates with Windows recent documents management as well as Gnome and Xfce recent document lists.
+
* Guides can now be rotated using the mouse. Each guide has an anchor (visible as a little circle) around which it can rotate.
 +
:*'''Drag''' a guide anywhere to move it.
 +
:*'''Shift+drag''' to rotate a guide about its anchor (additionally press '''Ctrl''' to constrain the rotation angle to multiples of 15 degrees).
 +
:*'''Ctrl+drag''' to move the anchor along the guide.
 +
:*Press '''Del''' while hovering the mouse over the guide to delete it.
 +
 +
* There is now an option in the Preferences dialog ('''Tools''' page) to treat groups as single objects during conversion to guides (as opposed to converting each object inside the group separately).
  
==Shell mode==
+
===Snapping===
  
If you run inkscape with <code>--shell</code>, it will enter an interactive command line shell mode. In this mode, you type in commands at the prompt and Inkscape executes them, without you having to run a new copy of Inkscape for each command. This feature is mostly useful for scripting and server uses: it adds no new capabilities but allows you to improve the speed and memory requirements of any script that repeatedly calls Inkscape to perform command line tasks (such as export or conversions). Each command in shell mode must be a complete valid Inkscape command line but without the Inkscape program name, for example:
+
Inkscape's snapping code has undergone major changes to make it more reliable and easier to use. Snapping to objects now invokes routines from the 2geom library, which is actively maintained and less error-prone than the old livarot library.  
  
$ inkscape --shell
+
There is a new '''snapping toolbar''' to control the snapping options and modes. Use _View > Show/Hide > Snap_ controls bar to show or hide this toolbar. The toolbar contains toggle buttons for various snapping modes (snap nodes, snap to paths, etc.) as well as a master snapping toggle that disables and reenables all activated modes.
Inkscape 0.46+devel interactive shell mode. Type 'quit' to quit.
+
>file.svg --export-pdf=file.pdf
+
>otherfile.svg --export-png=bitmap.png
+
Background RRGGBBAA: ffffff00
+
Area 0:0:744.094:1052.36 exported to 744 x 1052 pixels (90 dpi)
+
Bitmap saved as: bitmap.png
+
>quit
+
  
==Masks and clipping paths==
+
Also, to control some of the snapping features, a '''Snapping''' tab has been created in the Inkscape Preferences dialog. The new features found on this tab are:
 +
* '''Snap indicator''': When snapping has occurred, an indicator is displayed at that specific position. For now that indicator is just a cross that disappears after a second. In the future the shape of the indicator will be related to the type of target that has been snapped to.
 +
* '''Snap delay''': Inkscape now optionally waits some time after the mouse pointer has stopped moving before it tries to snap. This makes Inkscape much more responsive on complex documents and allows moving objects in a straight line over a grid, amongst others.
 +
* Inkscape can be forced to only try snapping the (source) node that is '''closest to the mouse pointer''', à la Corel DRAW. When this mode is enabled, a snap indicator will shortly be shown at that node. This will give you maximum control of the snapping which is useful for complex drawings with many nodes.
 +
* When multiple snap solutions are found, Inkscape can either prefer the closest transformation (when the weight slider is set to 0; this is the old mode), or prefer the moved object's node that was initially the closest to the pointer (when the slider is set to 1). The way Inkscape calculates the preferred snap has been improved too, which should lead to more predictable snapping.
  
[editable in node tool - johan]
+
Other improvements are:
 +
* The '''Node tool''' now snaps to any unselected node (both cusp and smooth) within the path that's being edited, and nodes of other paths. It also snaps to the path itself, but only to the stationary segments in between two unselected nodes, not to the segment being currently reshaped. It is now also possible to snap while moving nodes along a vertical or horizontal constraint.
 +
* In the Document Properties dialog, the checkbox for "always snap" has been replaced by a pair of radiobuttons; this should eliminate most of the confusion surrounding this option.
 +
* Holding the '''Shift''' key now also disables snapping while dragging node handles and while creating single dots.
 +
* During constrained drawing (using '''Ctrl'''), Inkscape will now only snap to the points on the constrained line.
 +
* In the Selector tool, snapping while skewing or moving with a constraint (with '''Ctrl''') has been improved.
 +
* Also in the Selector tool, while moving, Inkscape will now snap the bounding box of each selected item individually instead of the selection as a whole
  
==Stroke width changeable by dragging==
+
Inkscape can consider the following objects for snapping, depending on the toggles in the Snapping toolbar:
 +
* Clipping paths and masks
 +
* Midpoints of line segments
 +
* Midpoints of bounding box edges
 +
* Page border
 +
* Intersections of any kind of paths
 +
* Smooth nodes
 +
* Cusp nodes
 +
* Each of the handle points (when creating new shapes)
 +
* Radius handles of rectangles
 +
* Single dots
  
Similar to editing the fill or stroke colors by dragging away from the swatch in the status bar, which was added in the last version, this version allows you to drag away from the stroke width value displayed there to change the stroke width of selection. Dragging above the 45-degree line from the swatch increases the width (up to twice the original width), dragging below it decreases the width (down to half the original width). With this feature, quick and precise stroke width adjustments are possible without opening any dialogs or menus.
+
==Other features==
  
==Enhanced tablet support==
+
===Spell checker===
  
===Input device tool switching===
+
There's now a built-in spell checker. Press '''Ctrl+Alt+K''' or choose ''Text > Check spelling'' to check all visible text objects in your document (they need not be selected) in turn, going top-to-bottom and left-to-right. Once a misspelled word is found, a red frame around it is displayed, and the object with the misspelling is selected; if you are in Text tool, it also places the text cursor at the beginning of the misspelled word.
  
Tablets and other input devices that report separate hardware are now recognized and current tool and/or settings can be set to switch in response to the physical tool being used.
+
In the dialog, you can choose one of the listed suggestions and '''Accept''' it (this button is disabled unless you choose something in the list); '''Ignore''' the word for the rest of this session; or '''Add''' the word to the local dictionary.
  
===Extended input device configuration===
+
Also, since the dialog does not lock Inkscape's window, you can simply edit the word with Text tool. Once you edit it to something acceptable to the speller, it will automatically turn off the red frame and continue checking the
 +
document.
  
The stock Input Devices dialog has been replaced with a completely redone version that provides a more useful representation of settings. It also contains a simple area for testing different inputs of different devices.
+
On Linux, you need to install Aspell and its dictionaries for the languages you want to check. On Windows, for now, only the English dictionary is included with Inkscape builds.  
  
Additionally hardware setup itself has been separated from general settings to allow for easier dynamic switching of settings appropriate to the task at hand.
+
===Desktop integration improvements===
  
==Layers==
+
* '''Clipboard is system-wide''': you can now copy/paste objects between different Inkscape instances as well as between Inkscape and other applications (which must be able to handle SVG on the clipboard to use this).
  
===Show/hide other layers===
+
* '''Open Recent menu''' now integrates with Windows recent documents management as well as freedesktop.org recent document lists (used by Gnome, KDE and Xfce). The list can be cleared from the Preferences dialog (the Interface tab).
  
The Layers dialog now allows for hiding or showing all layers other than the current layer. This "solo" feature allows for faster switching between working layers and for quick checking with and without others shown.
+
* '''Themable Icons''': all icons used in Inkscape are now themable using the standard freedesktop.org theming mechanism. The list of names used is available [[themable icons|here]].
  
===Duplicate Layer command===
+
===Shell mode===
  
A new command, '''Duplicate Layer''', has been added to the Layers menus to allow for duplicating an existing layer with all of its objects.
+
If you run inkscape with <code>--shell</code>, it will enter a shell mode. In this mode, you type in commands at the prompt and Inkscape executes them, without you having to run a new copy of Inkscape for each command. This feature is mostly useful for scripting and server uses: it adds no new capabilities but allows you to improve the speed and memory requirements of any script that repeatedly calls Inkscape to perform command line tasks (such as export or conversions). Each command in shell mode must be a complete valid Inkscape command line but without the Inkscape program name, for example:
  
===New Layer shortcut===
+
$ inkscape --shell
 +
Inkscape 0.46+devel interactive shell mode. Type 'quit' to quit.
 +
>file.svg --export-pdf=file.pdf
 +
>otherfile.svg --export-png=bitmap.png
 +
Background RRGGBBAA: ffffff00
 +
Area 0:0:744.094:1052.36 exported to 744 x 1052 pixels (90 dpi)
 +
Bitmap saved as: bitmap.png
 +
>quit
  
The New Layer dialog can be opened with '''Ctrl+Shift+N''' shortcut.
+
===Gesture-based stroke width adjustment===
  
==External image editing and reload==
+
Similar to editing the fill or stroke colors by dragging away from the color swatch in the status bar (added in 0.46), this version allows you to drag away from the stroke width value displayed there to change the stroke width of selection. Dragging above the 45-degree line from the swatch increases the width (up to four times the original width), dragging below it decreases the width (down to zero). With this feature, quick yet precise stroke width adjustments are possible without opening any dialogs or menus.
  
Linked bitmaps have a context menu option to launch editing in an external application. Linked images now will reload when the linked file changes on disk. Both the external editor application and the reload behavior can be controlled by user preferences.
+
===Tool switching by input device===
  
==Command for relinking clones==
+
Tablets and other input devices that report separate hardware (e.g. pen tip and eraser on the two ends of the pen) are now recognized and current tool can be set to change (to Calligraphic Pen or Eraser) in response to the physical tool being used.
  
A new command, '''Relink Clone to Copied''' in ''Edit > Clone'', allows you to relink any clone to a different original object without changing its other properties. Just copy (Ctrl+C) the object you want to be the new original, select any number of clones, and choose the Relink command. Now all selected clones are linked to the copied object.
+
===Layers===
  
==Auto relinking clones on Duplicate==
+
* The Layers dialog now can hide or show '''all layers other than the current''': click on the layer name with right mouse button to get the pop-up menu. The ''Solo'' feature allows you to quickly switch between working layers and check their content in isolation.
  
If you turn on the '''When duplicating original+clones: Relink duplicated clones''' option on Clones tab of Inkscape Preferences (default is off), duplicating a selection containing both a clone and its original (possibly in groups) will relink the duplicated clone to the duplicated original instead of the old original.
+
* A new command, '''Duplicate Layer''', has been added to the Layers menu to duplicate an existing layer with all of its objects (even hidden or locked) and any sub-layers.
  
==Pattern editing==
+
* The Add Layer dialog can be opened with '''Ctrl+Shift+N''' (N for new).
  
When editing pattern fills:
+
* Layer names can now be non-unique within the document.
* The pattern origin and scale handles now snap.
+
* The pattern scaling can now be different in X and Y direction. Press '''Ctrl''' to have a fixed 1:1 ratio scaling (old behavior).
+
* The handles are now positioned at the corners  of the unit cell, instead of only a quarter of that cell as before. So, now a rectangle filled with pattern will have all of the pattern handles in the corners, making it harder to manipulate them. However, the handles can be dragged outside the rectangle by moving the pattern's origin handle.
+
  
==Transform dialog: spacing out option==
+
* Several layer handling inconsistencies have been fixed.
  
Previously, the '''Apply to each object separately''' checkbox had no effect for the '''Move''' tab. Now, if several objects are selected, this checkbox is on, and "Relative move" is on, each object is shifted relative to the closest selected object on the left (for X) or below (for Y).
+
===Editing bitmaps in an external editor===
  
For example, if you have a horizontal row of objects and you move them relatively by X=5px with "Apply to each object separately" on, the leftmost object will shift by 5px, the next one to the right by 10px, and so on; the rightmost selected object is displaced by 5*n px where n is the number of selected objects.  As a result, the distance in each pair of adjacent objects will increase by 5px and the whole row will be spaced out, much like a letterspacing adjustment spaces out a text string. Moving these objects by X=-5px will, conversely, squeeze them tighter together: the leftmost will move by -5px, the next one by -10px, and so on. For Y, the effect is the same except that the move starts from the object closest to the bottom (i.e. with smallest Y coordinate).  
+
Linked (but not embedded) bitmaps can be '''edited in an external application'''. Right-click an image and choose ''Edit externally...''
  
When determining the order of shifting objects, for X, the left edges of their bounding boxes are sorted horizontally, and for Y, the bottoms of their bounding boxes are sorted vertically. Order of selecting the objects or z-order does not matter.
+
An image will reload when its linked file changes on disk. Both the external editor application to use and the reload behavior are configurable on the ''Bitmaps'' page of the Inkscape Preferences dialog.
  
==Converting text to path produces a group==
+
===Command for relinking clones===
  
Converting a text or flowed text to path (Ctrl+Shift+C) now produces a group of paths, one path for each glyph of text, instead of a single monolithic path as before. Apart from easier manipulation, an additional advantage is that if your text contained styled spans (i.e. fragments with different color, opacity, or other properties), these styles will be preserved by the corresponding glyph paths after the conversion.
+
A new command, '''Relink Clone to Copied''' in ''Edit > Clone'', allows you to relink any clone to a different original object without changing its other properties. Just copy (Ctrl+C) the object you want to be the new original, select any number of clones, and choose the Relink command. Now all selected clones are linked to the copied object.
  
==Combine works on groups==
+
Note that this may cause the clone to move if the new original and the old original objects are in different positions.
  
The Combine command now works transparently on groups, i.e. combines paths inside selected groups at any level of grouping.
+
===Automatic relinking of clones on Duplicate===
  
=User interface=
+
If you turn on the '''When duplicating original+clones: Relink duplicated clones''' option on the ''Clones'' tab of Inkscape Preferences (default is off), duplicating a selection containing both a clone and its original (possibly in groups) will relink the duplicated clone to the duplicated original instead of the old original.
  
==Native file dialogs for Windows==
+
===Pattern editing===
The windows builds of inkscape now have Windows-native file dialogs to keep consistency with other windows applications.
+
  
==Inkscape Preferences dialog==
+
When editing pattern fills:
 +
* The pattern origin and scale handles now snap.
 +
* The pattern scaling can now be different in X and Y direction. Press '''Ctrl''' to have a fixed 1:1 ratio scaling (old behavior).
 +
* The handles are now positioned at the corners  of the unit cell, instead of only a quarter of that cell as before. So, now a rectangle filled with pattern will have all of the pattern handles in the corners, making it harder to manipulate them. However, the handles can be dragged outside the rectangle by moving the pattern's origin handle.
  
* This dialog has been rearranged for more logical grouping of options. New pages have been added: '''Bitmaps''' (options for the new update-on-file-change and external editor features), '''UI''' (options for toolbar icon sizes), and '''SVG Output''' (options for SVG formatting, introduced in 0.46 and now editable from the dialog as well).
+
===Transform dialog: spacing out option===
  
* A new option on the Bitmaps tab, '''Resolution for Create Bitmap Copy''', allows you to set the resolution of the bitmap created by the corresponding command (by default bound to Alt+B). The default value of 90 dpi forces the resulting bitmap to align with the default 1px-spaced grid on the canvas.
+
Previously, the ''Apply to each object separately'' checkbox had no effect for the ''Move'' tab of the Transform dialog (Ctrl+Shift+M). Now, if several objects are selected, this checkbox is on, and "Relative move" is on, each object is shifted '''relative to the closest selected object''' on the left (for X) or below (for Y).  
  
* There is a new option on the Interface tab, '''Zoom correction factor''', which displays an adjustable ruler. Move the slider until the ruler's on-screen size matches its true size. The resulting conversion factor is used internally when zooming to 1:1 etc. such that objects are displayed in their true size.
+
For example, if you have a horizontal row of objects and you move them relatively by x = 5 px with "Apply to each object separately" on, the leftmost object will shift by 5px, the next one to the right by 10px, and so on; the rightmost selected object is displaced by 5*n px where n is the number of selected objects. As a result, the distance in each pair of adjacent objects will increase by 5px and the whole row will be spaced out, much like a letterspacing adjustment spaces out a text string. Moving these objects by X=-5px will, conversely, squeeze them tighter together: the leftmost will move by -5px, the next one by -10px, and so on. For Y, the effect is the same except that the move starts from the object closest to the bottom (i.e. with smallest Y coordinate).
  
* There is an other new option on the Interface tab, '''language''', which changes the language of the user interface (menus and number formats) regardless the system settings. A combo-box presents all possible Inkscape translations. A change requires a restart of Inkscape.
+
When determining the order of shifting objects, for X, the left edges of their bounding boxes are sorted horizontally, and for Y, the bottoms of their bounding boxes are sorted vertically. The order of selecting the objects or their z-order do not matter.
  
* On the Interface tab, there's a button to clear the list of files in File > Open Recent submenu.
+
===Converting text to path produces a group===
  
* The list of recently opened files can be cleared on the Interface tab.
+
Converting a text or flowed text to path (Ctrl+Shift+C) now produces a '''group of paths''', one path for each glyph of text, instead of a single monolithic path as before. Apart from easier manipulation, an additional advantage is that if your text contained styled spans (i.e. fragments with different color, opacity, or other properties), these styles will be preserved by the corresponding glyph paths after the conversion. You can still easily get a single path out of such a group by selecting it and doing Combine (Ctrl+K).
  
== Align and Distribute dialog ==
+
===Combine works on groups===
  
There is now an option to treat all selected objects as a group when aligning (this spares the user the trouble to manually group them, align, and ungroup afterwards).
+
The Combine command now works transparently on groups, i.e. combines paths inside selected groups at any level of grouping.
  
==Dropper tool==
+
===Exclusion works on multiple paths===
 +
The Exclusion boolean operation can now operate on an arbitrary number of paths.
  
The confusing icons on buttons in the controls bar of the Dropper tool (pick/assign opacity) are replaced by text labels.
+
===No more Whiteboard===
 +
The configure flag for Whiteboard has been removed since the feature was non-functional. This menu item will no longer exist in the releases until it is properly fixed to avoid any confusion.
  
==Swatches==
+
===Save As directory===
 +
On the '''Save''' tab in Inkscape Preferences, an option was added to change the behavior to our old behavior. When this option is on, the "Save as..." dialog will always open in the directory where the currently open document is. When it's off, it will open in the directory where you last saved a file using that dialog..
  
Hovering over a swatch now shows the name of the swatch in the status bar. This makes it easier for tablet users to identify a swatch by name, as holding a stylus still enough to show a tool tip is difficult.
+
===Packaging Improvements===
 +
Packaging for OSX and Windows has been worked on heavily and greatly improved during this release cycle. Inkscape also now has a Portable version available for Windows.
  
==Toolbars==
+
==User interface==
  
* The toolbar icon sizes for the three main toolbars are now separately configurable and to a few different sizes. This allows users to get a smaller UI on certain systems, including Ubuntu.
+
===Inkscape Preferences dialog===
  
* The main tools toolbar has been converted to a standard GtkToolbar, removing the problem of it pushing the main window taller. Tools that don't fit automatically flow into a popup menu.
+
* This dialog has been rearranged for more logical grouping of options. New pages have been added: '''Bitmaps''' (options for the new update-on-file-change and external editor features), '''UI''' (options for toolbar icon sizes), '''SVG Output''' (options for SVG formatting, introduced in 0.46 and now editable from the dialog as well), and '''Save''' (save directory and autosave options).  
  
* When torn off, toolbars now keep the size they last had in the main window. They can be resized by docking, sizing the main window, and then undocking agin.
+
===Bitmap Copy resolution===
  
* Some controls (such as the Width in Calligraphic/Tweak/Eraser tools, Tremor, Wiggle, and Mass in Calligraphic, Threshold in Paintbucket, Tolerance in Pencil) are converted from numeric editable fields into draggable sliders, with labels and values (usually in the range 0..100) displayed on top. As these values don't usually require much precision, this makes adjusting them much easier and faster.
+
* A new option on the Bitmaps tab, '''Resolution for Create Bitmap Copy''', allows you to set the resolution of the bitmap created by the corresponding command (by default bound to Alt+B). The default value of 90 dpi forces the resulting bitmap to align with the default 1px-spaced grid on the canvas.
  
==Title and Description==
+
===Zoom correction factor===
  
* [the Title and Description fields on the Object Properties dialog - sas]
+
* The Interface tab has an adjustable ruler for '''Zoom correction factor'''. Move the slider until the ruler's on-screen size matches its true size. This is used as a reference point for the 100% (original size) zoom command.
  
==Clone/original visualization==
+
===Interface language choice===
  
When you press Shift+D to find and select the original of the selected clone, Inkscape draws a dashed line between the centers of the bounding boxes of the clone and the original. This line disappears after one second.
+
* The application's interface language can be set from the preferences dialog, Interface tab. You'll have to restart Inkscape for this choice to take effect.
  
==SVG Fonts dialog==
+
===Toolbars===
  
New SVG Fonts dialog. See [[ReleaseNotes047#Initial_SVG_Fonts_support]]
+
* On the Interface tab, the toolbar icon sizes for the three main toolbars are now separately configurable and to a few different sizes. This allows for a more compact user interface.
 +
* The vertical toolbox has been converted to a standard GtkToolbar, which fixed the problem of it pushing the main window taller. Tools that don't fit automatically go into a popup menu.
 +
* When torn off, toolbars now keep the size they last had in the main window. They can be resized by docking, resizing the main window, and then undocking again.
 +
* Some controls (such as the Width in Calligraphic/Tweak/Eraser tools, Tremor, Wiggle, and Mass in Calligraphic, Threshold in Paintbucket, Tolerance in Pencil) are converted from numeric editable fields into draggable sliders, with labels and values (usually in the range 0..100) displayed on top. As these values don't usually require high precision, this makes adjusting them much easier and faster.
  
==Document Properties dialog==
+
===Clone/original visualization===
===Color Management tab===
+
In this new tab, the user can declare multiple ICC color profiles for the current document.
+
  
=Grids, guides, snapping=
+
When you press '''Shift+D''' to find and select the original of the selected clone, Inkscape draws a '''dashed blue line''' between the centers of the bounding boxes of the clone and the original. This line disappears after one second.
  
==Grids==
+
===File dialogs===
* The dotted rectangular grid now shows small crosses at the intersection points of emphasis lines.
+
* The Windows builds of Inkscape now have Windows-native file dialogs to keep consistency with other Windows applications.
 +
* Two new entries in the File type list, '''All Bitmaps''' and '''All Vectors''', allow you to limit the listing to bitmap or vector formats only.
  
==Guides==
+
===Document Properties dialog===
 +
* New Color Management tab. In this new tab, you can declare multiple ICC color profiles for the current document.
 +
* New Script tab. ?
  
There is now an option to treat groups as single objects during conversion to guides (as opposed to converting each object inside the group separately).
+
===Object Properties dialog===
 +
* New Title and Description fields. The Title attribute is intended to be used as tooltip. [sas]
 +
* New Interactivity section to add JavaScript calls.
  
==Snapping==
+
===Miscellaneous===
 +
* The confusing icons on buttons in the controls bar of the Dropper tool (pick/assign opacity) are replaced by text labels.
 +
* Hovering over a swatch now shows the name of the swatch in the status bar. This makes it easier for tablet users to identify a swatch by name, as holding a stylus still enough for the tooltip to show up may be difficult.
 +
* In the Align and Distribute dialog, there is an option to treat all selected objects as a group when aligning. This spares the trouble of manually grouping them, aligning, and ungrouping afterwards.
  
Snapping has been implemented or improved in these areas:
+
==Notable bug fixes==
* Inkscape now has a '''toolbar''' to control the snapping options and modes. Use View > Show/Hide > Snap controls bar to show or hide this toolbar.
+
* Inkscape now has a snapping tab in the '''Inkscape Preferences dialog'''. It contains some non-document specific settings.
+
* The '''Node tool''' now snaps to any unselected node (both cusp and smooth) within the path that's being edited, and nodes of other paths. It also snaps to the path itself, but only to the stationary segments in between two unselected nodes. It is now also possible to snap while moving nodes along a vertical or horizontal constraint.
+
* Whether or not to snap to '''smooth nodes''' is now an option in the document properties dialog.
+
* '''Clipping paths and masks''' are now also snappable.
+
* Inkscape can now also snap '''midpoints''' of line segments.
+
* The object snapper now also allows to snap to the '''page border'''.
+
* It is now possible to snap '''intersections of paths''' (where we previously only snapped to intersections of line-segments).
+
* In the selector tool, snapping while '''skewing ''' or '''constrained translating''' has been improved.
+
* When creating '''new shapes''', all of their handle points now snap.
+
* In the document properties dialog, the checkbox for ''' 'always snap' ''' has been replaced by two radiobuttons; this should eliminate most of the confusion surrounding this option.
+
* Holding the Shift now also disables snapping while dragging '''node-handles'''.
+
* The code relating to the snapping mechanisms has undergone '''major refactoring''' to make it more reliable and easier to use from a developer's perspective.
+
* Snapping to objects now uses routines from the '''2geom libraries''', which are actively maintained and are less error prone than the old Livarot libraries. This fixes at least two known snapping bugs.
+
* While drawing and '''constraining to specific angles''' (using CTRL), Inkscape should now only snap to points on the constrained line.
+
* When '''pasting''', previously aligned originals will stay aligned to the grid. The code for this had to be reinvented due to the refactoring.
+
* Optionally, Inkscape now waits some time after the mouse pointer has stopped moving before it tries to snap. This makes Inkscape more responsive on complex documents and allows moving objects in a straight line over a grid, amongst others. This '''snap delay''' can be disabled or specified in the preferences dialog.
+
* A slider has been added to the preferences dialog which controls which type of snapping Inkscape will prefer. When multiple snap solutions are found, then Inkscape can either prefer the '''closest transformation''' (when the weight-slider is set to 0; this is the old mode), or prefer the node that was initially the '''closest to the pointer''' (when the slider is set to 1). The way Inkscape calculates the preferred snap has been improved too, which should lead to more predictable snapping.
+
* There's now a toggle to force Inkscape to only try snapping the (source) node that is '''closest to the mouse pointer''', à la Coreldraw. When this mode is enabled a snap indicator will shortly be shown at that node. This will give you maximum control of the snapping which is useful for more complex drawings with many nodes.
+
  
==Snap indicator==
+
* Several '''memory leaks''' are stopped, reducing the memory consumption during long editing sessions considerably. Closing the last window with a document now frees memory used by that document immediately.  
When snapping has occurred, an indicator is displayed at that specific position. For now that indicator is just a cross that disappears in a second. In the future the shape of the indicator will be related to the type of target that has been snapped to. The snapping indicator can be disabled in the preferences dialog.
+
  
=Localization and documentation=
+
* '''Copy/paste''' between Inkscape and other programs, as well as between different Inkscape instances, finally works as expected.
  
* Hebrew localization complete now
+
* '''No more ID clashes on import and paste''': previously, importing or pasting SVG objects might sometimes distort their colors, because the imported objects referred to gradients with the same IDs as those that already exist in the document but look different. Now, IDs of all gradients in the pasted document are checked for clashes with those in the host document, and if necessary changed with all their users updated correspondingly, so such unexpected color changes will never happen.
  
 +
* The '''visual bounding box''' (which is the default bounding box type used by Inkscape) of an object with a filter applied now includes the expanded area of the filter. For '''single blur filter''' (such as the blur you apply with a slider in the Fill and Stroke dialog), this expands the bounding box by 2.4*radius; although theoretically, blur is infinite, this is the distance at which the opacity of the object drops below the perceptibility threshold of our renderer. For all other filters, the area is expanded by the relative amounts you specify on the "Filter general settings" tab of the Filter Editor dialog.
  
 +
:Only visual bounding box is affected; if you use geometric bounding box, you will notice no change in most cases. However, the '''Export Bitmap''' dialog always uses the visual bounding box for selection of the export area; this means that you can now export a blurred object to bitmap without any clipping of the blur.
  
=Notable bug fixes=
+
* Bounding box calculation does not include the invisible objects, [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/252547 bug #252547].
  
* Several '''memory leaks''' are stopped, reducing the memory consumption during long editing sessions considerably. Closing the last window with a document now frees memory used by that document immediately.  
+
* Various fixes to PS and PDF rendering of objects involving masks, patterns, and/or bitmaps: [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/208217 bug #208217], [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/217212 bug #217212] and others.
  
* Inkscape is now able to handle paths with only 'movetos', i.e. "M 0,0 M 1,1 M 2,2". These kind of paths can be used to only show markers on a path without the rest of the path visible.
+
* File dialogs (Open, Save, Save as) now remember the last visited directory.
  
* The '''visual bounding box''' (which is the default bounding box type used by Inkscape) of an object with a filter applied, now includes the expanded area of the filter. For '''single blur filter''' (such as the blur you apply with a slider in the Fill and Stroke dialog), this expands the bounding box by 2.4*radius; although theoretically, blur is infinite, this is the distance at which the opacity of the object drops below the perceptibility threshold of our renderer. For all other filters, the area is expanded by the relative amounts you specify on the "Filter general settings" tab of the Filter Effects dialog.
+
* The <code>--vacuum-defs</code> command line parameter erroneously deleted markers which are in use.
  
:Only visual bounding box is affected; if you use geometric bounding box, you will notice no change in most cases. However, the Export bitmap dialog always uses the visual bbox for selection of the export area; this means that you can now export a blurred object to bitmap without any clipping of the blur.
+
* No more garbage lines in Outline mode.
  
* Bounding box calculation does not include the invisible objects. (#252547)
+
* No more artifacts left by the circle cursor in Tweak tool.
  
* Several fixes allows Inkscape to correctly render and edit SVG files that use <code>currentColor</code> in objects' style (this includes files created by gnuplot).
+
* The '''Bend Path''' and '''Pattern along Path''' path effects now work correctly with closed paths.
  
* '''No more ID clashes on import and paste''': previously, importing or pasting SVG objects might sometimes distort their colors, because the imported objects referred to gradients with the same IDs as those that already exist in the document but look different. Now, IDs of all gradients in the pasted document are checked for clashes with those in the host document, and if necessary changed with all their users updated correspondingly, so such unexpected color changes will never happen.
+
* Several '''[[ViewBoxToDo|viewBox]]''' related bugs fixed:
 +
:* Documents with viewBox are now editable without transformation defects. In particular this affected documents created with e.g. pstoedit. [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/168370 bug #168370]
 +
:* Resizing the page adjusts viewBox [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/167682 bug #167682].
 +
:* preserveAspectRatio parsing code was fixed [https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/166885 bug #166885].
  
* File dialogs remember last visited directory.
+
* Several fixes allow Inkscape to correctly render and edit SVG files that use <code>currentColor</code> in objects' style (this includes files created by gnuplot).
  
* The --vacuum-defs command line parameter erroneously deleted markers which are in use.
+
* Inkscape is now able to handle paths with only 'movetos', i.e. "M 0,0 M 1,1 M 2,2". These kind of paths can be used to only show markers on a path without the rest of the path visible.
  
* No more garbage lines in outline mode.
+
* Open paths (as opposed to closed) are now correctly drawn when start and end points are equal (SVG test suite ''paths-data-10-t.svg'').
 +
 
 +
* The shorthand 'marker' property is now correctly interpreted (SVG test suite ''painting-marker-03-f.svg'').
 +
 
 +
* Coordinates and lengths specified in percentages are now correctly interpreted (SVG test suite ''coords-units-02-b.svg'').
 +
 
 +
* Horizontally scrolling the canvas with a tilt wheel (present on several Logitech mice such as the LX5) in the Bezier tool will no longer finish the path being drawn.
  
* No more artifacts left by the circle cursor in Tweak tool.
 
  
* The Live Path Effects '''Bend Path''' and '''Pattern along Path''' now work correctly with closed paths.
+
<!-- Diederik's patch had to be backed out...
  
* several '''[[ViewBoxToDo|viewBox]]''' related bugs fixed
+
* Annoying random displacements of pixels of bitmaps when you view them at a close zoom level are fixed.
** Documents with viewBox are now editable without transformation defects. In particular this affected documents created with pstoedit for example ([https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/168370 #168370])
+
-->
** resizing page adjusts viewBox ([https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/167682 #167682])
+
** preserveAspectRatio parsing code fixed ([https://bugs.launchpad.net/inkscape/+bug/166885 #166885])
+
  
* open paths (as opposed to closed paths) are now correctly drawn when start and end points are equal. (SVG test suite paths-data-10-t.svg)
+
=Known issues=
  
* The shorthand 'marker' property is now correctly interpreted (SVG test suite painting-marker-03-f.svg)
+
* First time opening of the drop-down list with font families in Text tool may be slow, especially if you have many fonts installed. Subsequent accesses of this list are fast.  
  
= Previous releases =
+
=Previous releases=
  
 
* [[ReleaseNotes046]]
 
* [[ReleaseNotes046]]

Latest revision as of 12:41, 4 June 2013

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Contents

Inkscape 0.47

(AnnouncePlanning047)

Inkscape 0.47 brings a host of important improvements all across the program:

  • Timed autosave: no more lost work
  • Spiro splines: an exciting new way to work with paths, fully supported in Pen, Pencil, and Node tools
  • Auto smooth nodes: a new type of node that keeps the path as smooth as possible as you move it or its neighbors
  • New modes in Tweak tool: pushing and jittering whole objects, scaling/rotating objects, deleting and duplicating using the "soft brush"
  • Reworked, much more usable snapping system and a Snapping toolbar
  • New path effects, including sketch, hatching, envelope deformation; effects can be stacked and assigned to groups
  • A huge collection of preset filters in the new Filters menu
  • New cairo-based PS and EPS export: improved quality, more features supported, fallback rasterization for filters and transparency
  • Spell checker for text objects in a document
  • Many new extensions: restacking, calendar, printing marks, cartesian and polar grids, interpolating attributes
  • Optimized SVG code options, now with their own Preferences page
  • Many other improvements, usability tweaks, memleak stops, and misc bugfixes

Refactoring effort

The focus of the 0.47 release was to clean up legacy code and push forward the migration to clean object-oriented C++. The goal of this effort was to increase reliability and maintainability of Inkscape. In the long run, it will mean fewer bugs and more new features, because it will be easier to develop and find bugs in Inkscape.

Migration to lib2geom

Many parts of the code have been changed to use the 2geom library for geometrical calculations instead of the old libnr and livarot libraries.

Preferences

Instead of global functions directly manipulating an XML document, the preferences API is now exposed through the Inkscape::Preferences singleton. It abstracts away the way the preferences are stored in memory. In the future it may allow for different user settings storage backends (like GConf or the upcoming dconf on GNOME desktops or .plist files on OS X). Previously, Inkscape directly manipulated an internal XML document.

The Preferences directory has been moved on Linux (and Mac OS X) from ~/.inkscape to ~/.config/inkscape to better conform to Linux desktop standards.

Tools

Node tool

  • In previous versions of Inkscape, no visual feedback was given back to the user when hovering over paths when using the Node tool. In this update, hovering over a path with the Node tool now results in a highlighted path outline being displayed. Note: the duration and color of the new path outline feature can be configured in the Tools > Node section of the Inkscape Preferences dialog.
  • The Node tool can now edit clipping paths and masks of objects on canvas, without releasing them. If the selected object has a clipping path and mask, the corresponding buttons on the controls bar of the tool will be enabled; pressing these buttons will display the editable paths or handles of the clippath or mask. A clipping path is stroked green, a mask is stroked blue (the same colors as those used for them in Outline mode).
  • Snapping has been improved (more details in Snapping below).
  • When dragging a node handle with Ctrl pressed, it now snaps not only to the 15 degree increments starting from 0 and to the original handle direction, but also to the direction of the opposite handle (if it exists) or of the opposite line segment (if it is a straight line).
  • The behavior of the buttons/shortcuts that make a node smooth or cusp has been improved:
    • If a node is already a cusp (diamond shaped), pressing Shift+C again on it will retract both its handles. As this works for any number of selected nodes, you can always retract all handles in all nodes by selecting all nodes and pressing Shift+C twice.
    • If a non-smooth node is next to a straight line segment, pressing Shift+S once makes it half-smooth: it now has one handle aligned with that line segment. Another press of Shift+S will expand the second handle as well turning it into a full smooth node. If a node is between two curve segments, Shift+S will expand both handles as before.
  • Auto smooth nodes: this is a new node type, similar to the one Xara Xtreme has. An auto node is a smooth node which automatically adjusts (rotates and stretches) its handles when this node or its neighbors are moved. This adjustment (same as what you get when you convert node type to Smooth, but continuous) keeps the curve at this node as smooth as possible. It feels a bit like Spiro paths (see below); although not as smooth as a Spiro, auto nodes may often be preferable as they work without applying any path effect. Whenever you manually adjust the handles of an auto node or drag the adjacent curve, the node loses its auto state and becomes simply smooth; for this reason, it is recommended to edit smooth nodes with the node handles hidden via a toggle button on the Node tool controls bar. Auto nodes are represented by little circles, as opposed to smooth/symmetric nodes (squares) and cusp nodes (diamonds). To convert selected node(s) to auto, press Shift+A or use the corresponding node type button on the controls bar.

Tweak tool

Several new modes are added to the Tweak tool for transforming, duplicating, and deleting selected objects using the same "soft brush" metaphor that the path editing and coloring modes use. Using these new modes, it is easy to "sculpt" scatterings of small objects, such as clone tilings, into complex and naturalistic textures.

  • Push mode moves those selected objects that are under the brush in the direction in which you move the brush. This is similar to the Push path mode, except that the Move mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under the brush.
  • Attract/Repel Objects mode moves those selected objects that are under the brush towards the cursor (default) or away from cursor (with Shift pressed). This is similar to the Attract/repel path mode, except that the Move in/out mode affects entire objects and not parts of the paths under cursor.
  • Jitter mode moves those selected objects that are under the brush in random directions and by random amounts, but the overall amount of movement depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
  • Scale mode scales those selected objects that are under the brush down (by default) or up (with Shift pressed). The speed of scaling depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
  • Rotate mode rotates those selected objects that are under the brush clockwise (by default) or counterclockwise (with Shift pressed). The speed of rotation depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.
  • Duplicate/delete mode randomly duplicates those selected objects that are under the brush (by default) or deletes them (with Shift pressed). The chance of an object to be duplicated and deleted depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush. Like with the regular Duplicate command, duplicating with Tweak tool places the copies right over the originals, and you may need to use the Jitter mode to ruffle them apart. The duplicates created by the tool are automatically added to selection if the originals objects were in selection (e.g. if you're tweaking a group of objects, they are duplicated within that group and are not by themselves selected).
  • Blur mode blurs the selected objects under the brush more (by default) or less (with Shift pressed). The amount of blur added or removed depends on Force, pen pressure (if you're using a tablet pen), on the closeness of the object to the center of brush, and on how long you apply the brush.

Also, the existing path editing modes of the tool have been rearranged: now Shrink and Grow are one mode (shrinks by default, grows with Shift), and Attract and Repel are one mode (attracts by default, repels with Shift). Here is a complete list of modes and shortcuts of the Tweak tool:

Shift+m, Shift+0	        move mode
Shift+i, Shift+1	attract/repel objects mode
Shift+z, Shift+2	jitter mode
Shift+<, Shift+>, Shift+3	scale mode
Shift+[, Shift+], Shift+4	rotate mode
Shift+d, Shift+5	duplicate/delete mode
Shift+p, Shift+6	push path mode
Shift+s, Shift+7	shrink/grow path mode
Shift+a, Shift+8	attract/repel path mode
Shift+r, Shift+9	roughen mode
Shift+c	        paint mode
Shift+j	        color jitter mode
Shift+b	        blur mode

In Paint mode, painting with Shift inverts the color you're applying (e.g. when painting with yellow, Shift will switch the applied color to blue).

Calligraphy tool

  • The tool's settings can now be set from a preset (see the drop-down list in the controls bar). Several presets are provided that imitate various drawing implements and styles.
  • When drawing with Alt pressed, Inkscape subtracts the new path you are creating from the selected path. With Shift, it unions the new path with the selected path. This allows you to quickly patch or erase defects in a stroke you have drawn, without leaving the tool.
  • The behavior of the tool when tracking a guide (drawing with Ctrl) has been improved:
  • The initial "jerk" when you start drawing is suppressed.
  • The undesired flipping of the stroke to the other side of the guide path, when drawing along closed paths, is fixed.
  • If you lose connection with your guide path, the tool tries to continue moving in the same direction as if by inertia, so as to minimize the tearoff jerk.

Paint Bucket tool

  • Paint Bucket is now more tightly integrated with potrace. As a result, memory and CPU usage on each fill operation have been reduced significantly.

Eraser Tool

A new tool, Eraser, has been added to the main toolbox. Its shortcut is Shift+E. It has two main modes, selectable by toggle buttons on its controls bar:

  • Delete Objects mode: any shape touched by dragging is deleted completely. This is analogous to "touch selection" in Selector followed by Del.
  • Cut mode: dragging subtracts, using a boolean Subtract operation, parts of paths it touches. On the controls bar, you can adjust the Width of the trace left by the tool. If nothing is selected, it acts on all objects in the current layer, whether selected or not; if there's a selection, its action is limited to selection. This mode is similar to Alt+drag in Calligraphic tool.

Pen and Pencil

New modes

Apart from the regular Bezier mode, these drawing tools now provide several new modes:

  • Spiro mode: This mode automatically applies the new Spiro Splines path effect (see the section on new effects) to any newly drawn path. As mentioned below, it is not yet possible to preview a spiro before it is finished. This mode is available in both Pen and Pencil tools.
  • Polyline mode (Pen only): This mode makes it easy to draw many straight line segments by disallowing any curves, even when you accidentally drag with the mouse instead of clicking.
  • Paraxial mode (Pen only): create straight line segments that are parallel to one of the coordinate axes. This works similar to the Polyline mode with Ctrl. Normally, each next line segment is drawn perpendicular to the previous one, but the direction of the line segment being drawn can be toggled by pressing Shift. If you click on the start anchor, the path gets closed with an L-shaped segment (its direction of which can also be flipped with Shift).

Stroke shapes

As a first step towards this blueprint, it is now possible to automatically apply predefined vector shapes to path strokes in Pen and Pencil tools. The choice of shapes in the drop-down list on the controls bar includes:

  • Triangle in and Triangle out: tapering out in both directions
  • Ellipse: smooth elliptic shape stretching along path
  • From clipboard: any path you had previously selected and copied to clipboard

To adjust the width of the stroke, open the Path Effect Editor, choose "Pattern along path" effect, and edit its Width parameter. It is measured in units of the original size of the applied shape; the triangles and ellipse are all 10px in size, and the clipboard size can be any size. The default value of Width is 1.00, which means the triangle/elliptic strokes will be 10px wide and the from-clipboard stroke will be as wide as the copied object was tall.

Pencil smoothing

In Pencil tool, the controls bar now provides the Smoothing parameter, changeable in the range from 1 to 100, which controls how much smoothing is applied to the freehand lines you draw. Small Smoothing values produce rough lines with many nodes; large values give smooth lines with few nodes. Previously, this control was only available in Inkscape Preferences.

Pencil sketch mode

The sketch mode is still experimental. In essence, it enables the artist to draw many strokes, which Inkscape then averages into a single path. It tries to mimic sketching with a real pencil and paper, taking the 'visual average' of many strokes and condensing it into one stroke.

Pick the pencil tool, press Alt, and sketch away; release Alt to finalize the result. After each stroke (a stroke starts when the mouse button is pressed down, and ends when it is released), the resulting path will be an average of the old result and the newly drawn stroke. In Inkscape's Pencil tool preferences, one can choose to either average between all drawn strokes (so that all stroke have the same weight), or just the new stroke and the old result (so that later strokes have greater weight).

Currently, going back and forth between A and B in one stroke does not give the expected result; it will result in a long path going back and forth, instead of the visually expected path going from A to B just once. We are working on this (difficult!) issue. For best results, draw strokes only from A to B (and not from B to A).

Text tool

  • When editing multiline or flowed text, the PgUp and PgDn keys now work to move the cursor by one screen (i.e. by as many lines as fit into the screen at current zoom).
  • The usability of the font family drop-down list in the Text tool controls bar has been improved: it no longer steals focus, all keyboard shortcuts work as designed (Alt+X to access the family control, Alt+down to open the drop-down list with font previews, arrows to move in the list, Enter to set chosen font) and the completion feature works (start typing a family name and a pop-up list with possible completions appears).
A remaining problem that may be fixed in a future version is that the first opening of the drop-down list of family names may be slow (several seconds) if you have many fonts installed (the delay is Inkscape generating the previews for all fonts). Subsequent openings of the list are much faster.

Connector tool

  • Connectors are now drawn to the edges of shapes, rather than to the bounding box of shapes.
  • The routing buffer around shapes is now altered in the correct direction when the user changes this via the spacing control fon the connector toolbar.
  • A bug has been fixed where the spinboxes on the connector toolbar did not properly respond to single clicks of their up and down arrows.

Path effects

Path Effects stacking

More than one Path Effect can be assigned to an object. A new UI was created to control the stack in the Path Effects Editor (Shift+Ctrl+7): the Effect list shows the stack of effects for the selected object; below, buttons allow you to move a selected effect in the stack up or down or remove it from stack.

The stack works from top to bottom, i.e. the topmost listed effect is applied first, the second one works on the result of the first, and so on until the bottom effect which produces the final visible result. A new effect that you choose in the "Apply new effect" list and created by the Add button gets added to the end of the current stack.

Path Effects for groups

Path effects can now be assigned to a group. In most cases, the effect is applied recursively to the member paths, but for Bend Path and Envelope Deformation the result that the distortion applies to the group as a whole.

  • You can, as usual, enter the group by double-clicking on it, and edit the paths there watching the transformed result update live.
  • Path effects can be assigned to groups of groups, applying recursively to all grouped paths.
  • The Convert Object to Path command (Ctrl+Shift+C), when applied to a group with effects applied, removes these effects from group and converts all its member paths to effect-less paths looking exactly as before.

Misc new features

  • The Paste Path Effect command in Path menu can now assign the path effect of the clipboard's path to any number of paths, going recursively into groups if necessary.
  • A new command, Remove Path Effect in Path menu, removes any path effects from all selected objects, going recursively into groups if necessary.
  • Path effects can now be assigned to the sides of a 3D box (use Ctrl+click to select individual sides) without breaking its 3D functionality.
  • The Pen and Pencil tools now correctly work with paths with effects: you can continue such a path or add a new subpath to it by drawing with Shift, while preserving the effects applied to it.
  • Path parameters of effects can now link to existing shapes or texts. For example, now it is possible to use a text as the pattern for the Pattern Along Path effect, or shape a path with the Envelope Deformation where one of the envelope sides is text! Since the effect links to the text, not copies it, the result will update live if you edit the text.
  • Lib2geom now has an implementation for EllipticalArc. For Inkscape, this means that it is now possible to directly copy-paste ellipse shapes to path parameters (e.g. 'pattern' in Pattern along Path), without the need to convert the ellipse to path first.


New effects

  • Sketch: Simulates hand-drawn lines. A set of parameters lets you tune the effect. They are all summarized in this picture.
SketchExemple.png
  • Hatches: Fills the shape with rough, randomized hatches, simulating a quick hand drawing. It is configurable through numeric parameters as well as on-screen handles visible in Node tool.
Hatches-lpe.png.
  • von Koch: This effect creates fractal pictures. A collection of transformations (rotations, rescalings, etc...) is recursively applied to the input path. The transforms are derived from a "reference" path (a line segment) and a "generating" path (basically a collection of segments): the transforms are those needed to move the reference segment onto each segment of the generating path (components in the generating path having more than one segment might be used to define shearing/mirroring transforms). A famous example is the von Koch's snowflake.
VonKochExample.png
Warning: the complexity of the output path grows exponentially fast with the number of generations. As a guardrail, an editable complexity bound is provided, above which the effect is disabled.
  • Knot: Creates a knot from a flat self-intersecting curve: at each crossing, one strand is interrupted to make it look like it's going under the other. The "sign" of each crossing (first strand interrupted, second interrupted, or no interruptions) can be set independently by clicking the on-screen handle which can be dragged from one crossing to the other.
KnotExample.png
Warning: as far as possible, the lpe tries to keep the modifications of crossing signs unchanged under small deformations. For large or topology changing deformations however, some or all crossings might jump back to their default orientation.
  • Spiro splines are a novel way of defining curvilinear paths developed by Raph Levien. It takes some getting used to, but for certain tasks (such as lettershape design) Spiros have a clear advantage over Bezier curves. Recently, Spiro support was added to the FontForge font editor; now it is available in Inkscape too, which means you can use all the convenient Inkscape path tools (moving and transforming groups of nodes, node sculpting, etc.) on Spiro paths.
A Spiro path is defined by a sequence of points, but unlike a regular path with Bezier curves, all Spiro points lie on the path and there are no off-path handles. The curvature of the path is defined entirely by the positions of the points and their types. The path behaves very similar to a springy rod which is forced to pass through the given points and which uses the minimum possible curvature to satisfy the requirement. As such, it feels quite natural and the resulting path is very smooth - not just superficially smooth (i.e. having no cusps), but smooth at a deeper level, which you can achieve with Beziers only after a lot of laborious tweaking.
To create a Spiro path, select any path and assign the "Spiro spline" path effect to it. There are no parameters. Each node of your path becomes a point of a Spiro path, depending on the type of node:
  • Smooth nodes (those with two collinear Bezier handles; use Shift+S to make a node smooth) become smooth curve points of the Spiro path. Note that the length or direction of the Bezier handles of the source path is ignored; the only thing that matters is their collinearity.
  • Cusp nodes of the source path become corner points of the Spiro path, like free hinges on the springy rod. Between two corner points, the path is always a straight line. To make a node cusp, retract its Bezier handles by Ctrl+click, or press Shift+C and move one of the handles so they are no longer collinear.
  • Half-smooth nodes - those with one Bezier handle collinear with a straight line segment on the other hand - become "left" or "right" points on the Spiro path which behave exactly the same: they sit between a straight line and a curve and enforce that these two segments join smoothly without a cusp. To create such a node, make sure one of the segments is a line (select its ends and press Shift+L), then Ctrl+drag the remaining handle to make it snap to the direction of the straight line segment on the other side, or press Shift+S to lock it to that direction.
Note that what matters is the actual collinearity of a node's handles, regardless of the node type that the node has in the Node tool; for example, if a node designated as cusp (diamond-shaped) has collinear handles, it will become a smooth curve point of the Spiro path.
Some configurations of points do not converge and produce wild loops and spirals instead of a smooth curve. According to Raph, "The spline solver in this release is _not_ numerically robust. When you start drawing random points, you'll quickly run into divergence. However, "sensible" plates based on real fonts usually converge." Avoid too sharp changes in direction between points to prevent divergence. Hopefully, the robustness of the algorithm will be improved in future releases.
For now, to edit Spiro paths viewing the result in real time, you have to use the Node tool; it is recommended to turn off the red highlight of the source path. The Pen tool does not yet allow you to preview a Spiro as you draw, although you can paste the Spiro effect on the path and see the result as soon as the path is finalized.
You can always use the Node tool to continue a Spiro path by duplicating and dragging away its end nodes. Also, when you have a Spiro path selected, you can add a new subpath to it with Pen or Pencil if you start drawing with Shift.
  • Construct Grid: Draws a grid using the first three nodes of a path. The center node defines the origin. The other two nodes define the direction and length of the two adjacent sides of the first cell. If a path has more than three nodes, the other nodes are ignored. One can select the number of cells in the two orthogonal directions.
  • Envelope Deformation: Allows you to deform an object (or a group of object) by deforming its sides. Modifications are done by deforming the four path parameters: Top, Bottom, Left and Right; for each, you can edit it with Node tool, copy, paste, or link to an existing path in the document.
  • Ruler: Draws ruler marks along the path; you can set distance between the marks, their length for major and minor marks, the major/minor ratio, and other parameters.
  • Interpolate Subpaths: Creates a given number of interpolated paths between the (first) two subpaths of a path (the subpaths after the second subpath are ignored). The interpolations are spread along an editable trajectory path.
InterpolateSubpathsExample.png


Notable effect bugfixes and changes

We try to refrain from changing the behavior of existing path effects, because it will change appearance in old files when opened in a new version of Inkscape (but not in any other SVG viewer or editor). However, when an effect is really broken, we have to fix it:

  • Pattern Along Path:
    • The pattern used to be stretched across discontinuities (separate subpaths). This has been fixed; now it treats a discontinuous path as a group of continuous paths and applies the effect separately to each.
    • Successive copies of the pattern can now be fused into continuous paths (using the new "fuse nearby ends" feature) so that "filling" the result works as expected.
  • Bend Path:
    • Closed input paths would sometimes result in unclosed output paths. This has been fixed.

Import/Export

PostScript and EPS import

Inkscape's PS and EPS import now uses Ghostscript instead of pstoedit. If you need to open files of these types, install Ghostscript and make sure the directory with the ps2pdf utility from Ghostscript installation is in your PATH. On importing a file, you will see a preferences dialog, similar to PDF import; for multipage PS files, this dialog allows you to select which page to open.

On Windows 7, this is done as follows.

1. Right click on Computer and select Properties. On the top left, click on Advanced system settings, then Environment Variables. Under System Variables find PATH (or make it using New...), and click on it, then click Edit....

2. In the edit dialogue, you must links for both the bin and lib directories for Ghostscript. They must be separated from the previous entry and each other by a colon, for example [previous entry];C:\Program Files\gs\gs8.70\lib;C:\Program Files\gs\gs8.70\bin. Do not forget to reload the user-settings, e.g. by log-out and log-in, or by restarting your OS.

PDF import

  • A new checkbox on the PDF import dialog, Replace PDF fonts with closest-named installed fonts (on by default) attempts to replace all font names in the imported PDF with the most similar names of those fonts installed on your system. For example, if the PDF uses the font "TimesNewRomanPSMT" and you have "Times New Roman" installed, that font will be used, which will likely give you a more correct appearance than the unknown font "TimesNewRomanPSMT" that will be displayed as the default sans serif font. This is a temporary fix necessary because Inkscape cannot yet extract the fonts from the PDF files it imports nor can it embed them into SVG; when it gets these capabilities, such font name conversion will become unnecessary because all fonts will be preserved.
  • Importing PDF files now works from the command line. For example,
inkscape file.pdf --export-plain-svg=file.svg
will take the first page of the PDF and use the default import options, and save the result to SVG. If you try to import PDF without an --export command, it will show the import options dialog as before and open the file in the UI.

PDF, PostScript, and EPS export

The new Cairo-based PS and EPS exporter provides much better support for various vector features, including clipping paths, patterns, and non-ASCII characters. Those features that are not supported by the targeted format become embedded bitmaps that preserve the appearance. In particular:

  • transparency is always rasterized in PS or EPS but not PDF, as PDF supports vector transparency;
  • filters, such as blur, are by default rasterized in all three formats (PS, EPS, PDF). This can be turned off by unchecking the "Rasterize filter effects" option in the UI or adding the --export-ignore-filters option via the command line. In this case, filtered objects are rendered as vectors without filters and without rasterization.
  • The resolution for rasterizing the filters can be set in the UI in the "Resolution for rasterization (dpi)" parameter or on the command line by --export-dpi parameter (same as used for exporting SVG documents to bitmaps). The default is 90 dpi. The rendering quality of filters for rasterization, as well as for bitmap export, is always the best possible regardless of what you have set in the Filters tab of Preferences (which only affects on-screen rendering). For example,
inkscape --export-pdf=out.pdf --export-dpi=300 file.svg
will export file.svg to out.pdf, rasterizing any filtered objects in it at 300 dpi. (If there are no filtered objects, the --export-dpi has no effect.)

All of PS, EPS, and PDF export formats uniformly support the export area options (page or drawing) and the new export-id option:

  • You can now export a single object from a complex document (for example, a single layer) if you specify the ID of that object in the "Limit export to the object with ID" field in the GUI or via the --export-id=ID option on the command line. The export will show only that object (all others will not be exported). The BoundingBox (page size) of the exported PS/EPS/PDF file will correspond to the bounding box of that object. You can override this with "Export area is page" (GUI) or --export-area-page (command line) option which forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's page (this may not be possible with EPS, see below).
  • The "Export area is page" (GUI) or --export-area-page (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the SVG document's page. This is the default for PS and PDF but not for EPS.
  • Note, the specification of the EPS format does not allow a bounding box to extend beyond the content. This is enforced by the Cairo graphics library which means that when --export-area-page is used with EPS export, the page bounding box will be trimmed inwards (but never expanded outwards) to the bounding box of the content if it is smaller. If you want a file which has a %BoundingBox different from the bounding box of its content, you can use PS or PDF export formats instead of EPS, or add a white background rectangle with the required size to source document before exporting to EPS.
  • The --export-bbox-page command line parameter has been removed; use --export-area-page instead.
  • The --export-area-page option was renamed from --export-area-canvas for consistency with the use of the terms page and canvas in the GUI.
  • The "Export area is drawing" (GUI) or --export-area-drawing (command line) option forces the output to have the size of the exported objects' bounding box, regardless of page size. If no --export-id is specified, this means the bounding box of the entire drawing; with --export-id, this means the bounding box of the exported object only. This is the default for EPS. Note that checking "Export area is page" or using --export-area-page overrides this setting for PS and PDF output.
  • The --export-embed-fonts option is removed. Inkscape now always embeds and subsets all fonts used in the document when exporting PS, EPS, or PDF.

UniConvertor-based import and export

Inkscape can now use UniConvertor to import files of the following types:

  • Corel DRAW versions 7 to X4 document files (CDR)
  • Corel DRAW versions 7 to X4 Template files (CDT)
  • Corel DRAW Presentation Exchange files (CMX)
  • Corel DRAW Compressed Exchange files (CCX)
  • sK1 files (SK1)
  • Computer Graphics Metafiles (CGM)
  • Windows Metafiles (WMF)
  • HPGL (AutoCAD) Plot files (PLT) (requires UniConvertor 1.1.4)

Inkscape can now use UniConvertor to export files of the following types:

  • Windows Metafiles (WMF)
  • sK1 files (SK1)
  • HPGL (AutoCAD) Plot files (PLT) (requires UniConvertor 1.1.4)

Text objects are not supported as of UniConvertor 1.1.4.

On Windows, UniConvertor is included with Inkscape distribution and does not require separate installation.

HPGL export

In addition to the HPGL export via UniConvertor listed above, Inkscape can now export to HPGL (Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language) via an internal routine that is geared towards various cutters/plotters.

JavaFX export

Inkscape can export drawings to JavaFX format (.fx file extension).

DXF import and export

  • DXF export for desktop cutting plotters is much faster than in previous versions. A new option was added to provide support for RoboMaster desktop cutting software. Also, polylines and polysplines are now supported.
  • DXF import is new. It supports a number of the simpler DXF shapes: line, Bezier spline, ellipse, circular arc, text.

PNG export

  • PNG export has been updated to include metadata if present in the source SVG. This includes the Author, Copyright, Creation Time, Description, and Title fields. PNG metadata can be viewed using the ImageMagick identify command.
  • Export filenames that are relative (e.g. ../file.png or simply file.png) are now resolved relative to the document's location. This applies to the filenames you type in the Export dialog as well as those stored in export hints in the document itself (and used by the "Batch export" checkbutton as well as in command line export with --export-use-hints). However, export filenames specified directly on the command line are not resolved, which in effect means they work, as before, from the current working directory from which you run the export command.

OCAL (Open Clip Art Library) Export

Autosave

The new autosave feature allow for automatic timed backups as work goes on. Saved versions are put in a designated directory and do not overwrite the original SVG file nor each other.

In Inkscape Preferences (Ctrl+Shift+P), Save tab, you can enable this feature and specify various options:

  • the time interval between backups, in minutes;
  • the directory where you want the backups to be stored;
  • and the maximum number of saved backups (if this number is exceeded, old backups will start to be deleted).

Extensions

  • The former Effects menu is renamed to Extensions. This is less confusing and better reflects the content of the menu: a collection of extensions, written mostly in Python, which perform various tasks with or without selection.

New and improved extensions

  • The new Arrange > Restack extension restacks (changes the z-order of) selected objects, with options including: left to right, top to bottom (or vice versa), radial outward or inward, or at an arbitrary angle. You can also specify what point of an object is used to calculate its position for restacking.
  • The new Generate from Path > Extrude extension is similar to the old Extrude effect, which has been renamed Motion. The new effect requires two paths and draws connection lines or polygons between their nodes. If you want more dense extrusion, add more nodes to the paths. All the extrusion polygons are separate (grouped) objects, so they can be easily painted by the Tweak tool to get nicely shaded ribbons, 3D letters, and the like.
  • The new Generate from Path > Scatter extension spreads copies of pattern along arbitrary "skeleton" paths. The pattern must be the topmost object in the selection. Groups of paths, shapes, clones are allowed.
  • The improved Modify Path > Add Nodes extension now allows segments to be divided into a given number of subsegments.
  • The new Modify Path > Convert to Dashes extension takes the dash pattern of the stroke and explicitly cuts the curve to duplicate this pattern. This can be used to allow desktop cutting plotters, which don't understand dashed stroke style, to cut dashed paths. You can also achieve interesting effects with smoothly varying dash length if you edit the resulting path with Node Sculpting technique (Alt+drag with Node tool).
  • The new Render > Add printing marks extension adds printing marks and color bars required by print bureaus. You can either manually define margins by which cut marks are created.
  • The new Render > 3D Polyhedron extension draws 2D projections of 3D polyhedrons and other 3D shapes. You can choose one of a number of predefined shapes (cube, octahedron, truncated dodecahedron and others) or load a shape definition from an OBJ file. The shape can be rotated around any of the three axes by arbitrary amount; you can also define various style options such as color of the faces and stroke width, and enable shading with adjustable light source position.
  • The new Render > Alphabet Soup extension is a vector rework of Matt Chrisholm's script. Alphabet Soup randomly mashes glyph elements together to make exotic-looking text.
  • The new Render > Cartesian Grid extension plots Cartesian (square) grids that do not fill the page, but offer three levels of division, logarithmic scales (with clutter-reduction and arbitrary base) and customizable line width. All like elements (e.g. x-axis subminor divisions) are put into subgroups together. A proper border is also drawn, with an independent line width.
  • The new Render > Polar Grid extension plots a polar coordinate grid, with options for arbitrary-base logarithmic subdivisions, clutter-reduction around the origin, circumferential labels and custom line widths.
  • The new Render > Draw from Triangle extension takes a triangle drawn as a path (only the first three nodes of a path are counted) and allows to draw many triangle-related geometrical objects such as circumcircles, excentral triangles, etc. It also lets you specify custom trilinear coordinates and triangle centre functions, as well as compute basic triangle properties such as area and semiperimeter.
  • The new Render > Guides Creator extension quickly creates horizontal and vertical guides for subdividing the canvas. You can choose the divisions from None, 1/2, 1/3 ... to 1/10.
  • The new Render > Calendar extension draws a calendar for a given year with localizable month/weekday names, colors, and many other options.
  • The new Render > Foldable Box extension creates foldouts for paper boxes.
  • The new Text > Convert to Braille extension recodes English (or just Latin letters) text to Braille code. It is not intended to create a real Braille text for visually impaired people, just an accurate graphical representation of Braille text to be used in illustrations.
  • The new Modify Path > Interpolate Attribute in a Group extension takes a group of objects and assigns to its members interpolated values of an attribute of your choice, such as width, height, opacity, etc.
  • The new Web > JavaScript extensions allow you to set various interactive JavaScript attributes, such as onclick or onfocus, on SVG elements. Inkscape does not support them on rendering but you might need them for other SVG viewers such as Firefox.

Extension API changes

  • While the "Live preview" checkbox is useful for most effects, for some it just does not make sense. Now, you can add the attribute needs-live-preview="false" in the effect element in the .inx file of the effect to suppress this checkbox for your effect.
  • Parameters passed to extensions (via the <param> element) now can have a boolean attribute, gui-hidden, to indicate that the parameter should not be represented in the GUI. If all parameters are marked as hidden, no GUI is presented for such extension.
  • All .inx files are now properly formatted XML files with their own namespace of: http://www.inkscape.org/namespace/inkscape/extension and a Relax NG schema to define it. More information can be found on the Extensions page.

Filters

The Filter Editor (former Filter Effects) and Remove Filters commands are moved from the Object menu to the new Filters top-level menu, which also contains a collection of preset filters.

Preset filters

The Filter Editor is powerful, but can be quite cumbersome. You can now apply complex preset filters to selected objects with a single command by choosing it from the new Filters top-level menu. Submenus categorize the filters by function or appearance. To view a sampler of all preset filters, open filters.svg document from Inkscape's examples (share/examples in the Inkscape tree).

Most filters apply immediately after selecting the command; some present a dialog where you can adjust some of the parameters before applying the filter (such filters have "..." at the end of the command in the menu).

By default, if the selected object already has some filter applied, the chosen filter will be merged with the existing filter for combined effect. However you can also overlay several filters to an object while keeping them separated: simply press Ctrl+G after applying any filter and then apply another one; the filters will then display separately in the Filters Editor.

You can easily add your own filters to these menus. Simply place any SVG file with the filters to the filters subdirectory of your config directory (~/.config/Inkscape/ on Linux) and the filters will be picked up from it when you start Inkscape. By default, they will be placed in the Personal submenu under Effects > Filters. If you want to control this, add the following attributes to the filter element:

inkscape:label         is the command label
inkscape:menu          is the submenu to place the command into
inkscape:menu-tooltip  is the tooltip (displayed in the statusbar 
                       as you select the command)

No Filters rendering mode

In order to facilitate editing documents that use lots of SVG filter effects, filter effects can now be disabled for a particular document window by selecting View > Display mode > No Filters from the menu. This provides an intermediate step between Normal and Outline view modes.

The Toggle View command in the Display Mode submenu (Ctrl+keypad 5) toggles between all 3 modes in a loop: Normal, No filters, Outline.

Filter quality setting

In addition to the Blur Quality setting, Inkscape now has a general Filter Effects Quality setting on the Filters tab of Inkscape Preferences. It affects all filters and gives you an opportunity to seek optimum balance between speed and accuracy when rendering filters.

  • Best quality is the quality used when exporting.
  • Better quality uses fast methods for transforming images, which occasionally shows up as jagged edges. Full rendering resolution is used.
  • Anything below that also uses low resolution rendering for filters.

For exporting images, the best quality is used regardless of this setting.

SVG support

Optimized CSS properties

  • As a file size optimization, Inkscape does not write into SVG some of the stroke properties if the object has stroke:none and some of the fill properties when it has fill:none. The only situation where this might affect you is if you remove stroke from an object and then turn it back on - the object will get the default stroke instead of the same it had before.
Also, in manually-edited SVG where a parent group has no stroke but sets some stroke properties to be inherited by its descendants, you will need to set stroke property to other than none on the group, and suppress inheritance with stroke:none on those children that don't need it.
Specifically, if stroke:none, the following properties do not get written to SVG:
stroke-width
stroke-linecap
stroke-linejoin
stroke-miterlimit
stroke-opacity
stroke-dasharray
stroke-dashoffset
Note that this does not include marker properties, which means you can still have markers on a path without visible stroke.
If fill:none, the following properties do not get written to SVG:
fill-opacity
fill-rule
  • The opacity property is not written if it has the default value of 1 (this property is not inherited, so the change should have no side effects).
  • The marker-start, marker-mid, and marker-end properties are not written if the marker property is already present with the same value.

Optimized path data

In this version, the size of the path data written in the d= attribute of path elements is reduced by about 10%. Inkscape generates the shortest possible path strings by avoiding repeated operators and using relative coordinates (when it helps).

This is controlled by the options on the SVG output page of Inkscape Preferences dialog. Also, you can change the following attributes in group id="svgoutput" in your preferences.xml file:

  • allowrelativecoordinates (default 1) to switch relative coordinates on (1) or off (0)
  • forcerepeatcommands (default 0) to force repeating operators (1) or allow use of the more compact representation without repeated operators (0)


Horizontal and vertical path segments

If an SVG contains paths with shorthands for horizontal and vertical path segments ('H' or 'V'), then Inkscape will try to maintain those shorthands if possible, so the saved file will also contain them.

<script> tag preserved

While Inkscape does not yet support SVG scripting via the <script> element, this element is now preserved after editing the file in Inkscape.

Initial SVG Fonts support

As a SoC 2008 project, JucaBlues implemented initial parsing and rendering of SVG Fonts. You can design fonts within Inkscape, but using them to render text on the canvas is not yet supported. We are waiting for libpango to implement proper support of the user-fonts feature.

Currently, the main benefit of this feature is to improve the font design workflow when working with FontForge: You can save SVG files with fonts embedded and import them into Fontforge, and you only need one file per font instead of one file per glyph.

An SVG font is a mapping of chunks of SVG drawing to characters. When a certain character is used in a string, its respective glyph is rendered. If no glyph is declared for a certain character, then there is a default "missing glyph" that is rendered. You can set the drawing that defines this missing glyph; this is done by clicking on the Missing Glyph: From Selection... button at the top of the dialog.

Here's an example of a font design workflow:

  1. Open the SVG Font dialog by _Text > SVG Fonts_.
  2. Click New under the font list. Select the new font in list; you can rename it by clicking on its name and typing a new name. You will see a set of black squares in the text preview area. This is the preview text being rendered. It only uses the default missing glyph (which is initially defined as a black square) because no specific glyphs were defined yet.
  3. Draw something that you want to use for the missing glyph
  4. Click Missing Glyph: From selection...
  5. Draw a glyph for the "a" character (character matching is case sensitive)
  6. On the Glyphs tab, click Add glyph
  7. Type "a" in the Matching String column (at the moment, handling of the glyph-name attribute is not implemented)
  8. With the row selected, click Get curves from selection...
  9. Now, you will see the "a" glyph in the preview rendering if the preview text contains it. You can edit the preview text as needed to view different characters.

Repeat steps 5 through 9 for every glyph you wish to add to your font, then save the SVG file and open it in FontForge for further editing.

SVG Test Suite Compliance

As a result of last year's GSoC, there is now a rendering test framework along with a number of tests (found in the SVN repository here). These tests can be run reasonably easily on any system (you don't need to be able to compile Inkscape) and include a large part of the W3C SVG Test Suite. See this page or this page for up-to-date rendering results. Also see TestingInkscape for information on running and creating rendering tests.


Editing Aids

Grids

  • The dotted rectangular grid now shows small crosses at the intersection points of emphasis lines.

Guides

  • Guides can now be rotated using the mouse. Each guide has an anchor (visible as a little circle) around which it can rotate.
  • Drag a guide anywhere to move it.
  • Shift+drag to rotate a guide about its anchor (additionally press Ctrl to constrain the rotation angle to multiples of 15 degrees).
  • Ctrl+drag to move the anchor along the guide.
  • Press Del while hovering the mouse over the guide to delete it.
  • There is now an option in the Preferences dialog (Tools page) to treat groups as single objects during conversion to guides (as opposed to converting each object inside the group separately).

Snapping

Inkscape's snapping code has undergone major changes to make it more reliable and easier to use. Snapping to objects now invokes routines from the 2geom library, which is actively maintained and less error-prone than the old livarot library.

There is a new snapping toolbar to control the snapping options and modes. Use _View > Show/Hide > Snap_ controls bar to show or hide this toolbar. The toolbar contains toggle buttons for various snapping modes (snap nodes, snap to paths, etc.) as well as a master snapping toggle that disables and reenables all activated modes.

Also, to control some of the snapping features, a Snapping tab has been created in the Inkscape Preferences dialog. The new features found on this tab are:

  • Snap indicator: When snapping has occurred, an indicator is displayed at that specific position. For now that indicator is just a cross that disappears after a second. In the future the shape of the indicator will be related to the type of target that has been snapped to.
  • Snap delay: Inkscape now optionally waits some time after the mouse pointer has stopped moving before it tries to snap. This makes Inkscape much more responsive on complex documents and allows moving objects in a straight line over a grid, amongst others.
  • Inkscape can be forced to only try snapping the (source) node that is closest to the mouse pointer, à la Corel DRAW. When this mode is enabled, a snap indicator will shortly be shown at that node. This will give you maximum control of the snapping which is useful for complex drawings with many nodes.
  • When multiple snap solutions are found, Inkscape can either prefer the closest transformation (when the weight slider is set to 0; this is the old mode), or prefer the moved object's node that was initially the closest to the pointer (when the slider is set to 1). The way Inkscape calculates the preferred snap has been improved too, which should lead to more predictable snapping.

Other improvements are:

  • The Node tool now snaps to any unselected node (both cusp and smooth) within the path that's being edited, and nodes of other paths. It also snaps to the path itself, but only to the stationary segments in between two unselected nodes, not to the segment being currently reshaped. It is now also possible to snap while moving nodes along a vertical or horizontal constraint.
  • In the Document Properties dialog, the checkbox for "always snap" has been replaced by a pair of radiobuttons; this should eliminate most of the confusion surrounding this option.
  • Holding the Shift key now also disables snapping while dragging node handles and while creating single dots.
  • During constrained drawing (using Ctrl), Inkscape will now only snap to the points on the constrained line.
  • In the Selector tool, snapping while skewing or moving with a constraint (with Ctrl) has been improved.
  • Also in the Selector tool, while moving, Inkscape will now snap the bounding box of each selected item individually instead of the selection as a whole

Inkscape can consider the following objects for snapping, depending on the toggles in the Snapping toolbar:

  • Clipping paths and masks
  • Midpoints of line segments
  • Midpoints of bounding box edges
  • Page border
  • Intersections of any kind of paths
  • Smooth nodes
  • Cusp nodes
  • Each of the handle points (when creating new shapes)
  • Radius handles of rectangles
  • Single dots

Other features

Spell checker

There's now a built-in spell checker. Press Ctrl+Alt+K or choose Text > Check spelling to check all visible text objects in your document (they need not be selected) in turn, going top-to-bottom and left-to-right. Once a misspelled word is found, a red frame around it is displayed, and the object with the misspelling is selected; if you are in Text tool, it also places the text cursor at the beginning of the misspelled word.

In the dialog, you can choose one of the listed suggestions and Accept it (this button is disabled unless you choose something in the list); Ignore the word for the rest of this session; or Add the word to the local dictionary.

Also, since the dialog does not lock Inkscape's window, you can simply edit the word with Text tool. Once you edit it to something acceptable to the speller, it will automatically turn off the red frame and continue checking the document.

On Linux, you need to install Aspell and its dictionaries for the languages you want to check. On Windows, for now, only the English dictionary is included with Inkscape builds.

Desktop integration improvements

  • Clipboard is system-wide: you can now copy/paste objects between different Inkscape instances as well as between Inkscape and other applications (which must be able to handle SVG on the clipboard to use this).
  • Open Recent menu now integrates with Windows recent documents management as well as freedesktop.org recent document lists (used by Gnome, KDE and Xfce). The list can be cleared from the Preferences dialog (the Interface tab).
  • Themable Icons: all icons used in Inkscape are now themable using the standard freedesktop.org theming mechanism. The list of names used is available here.

Shell mode

If you run inkscape with --shell, it will enter a shell mode. In this mode, you type in commands at the prompt and Inkscape executes them, without you having to run a new copy of Inkscape for each command. This feature is mostly useful for scripting and server uses: it adds no new capabilities but allows you to improve the speed and memory requirements of any script that repeatedly calls Inkscape to perform command line tasks (such as export or conversions). Each command in shell mode must be a complete valid Inkscape command line but without the Inkscape program name, for example:

$ inkscape --shell
Inkscape 0.46+devel interactive shell mode. Type 'quit' to quit.
>file.svg --export-pdf=file.pdf
>otherfile.svg --export-png=bitmap.png
Background RRGGBBAA: ffffff00
Area 0:0:744.094:1052.36 exported to 744 x 1052 pixels (90 dpi)
Bitmap saved as: bitmap.png
>quit

Gesture-based stroke width adjustment

Similar to editing the fill or stroke colors by dragging away from the color swatch in the status bar (added in 0.46), this version allows you to drag away from the stroke width value displayed there to change the stroke width of selection. Dragging above the 45-degree line from the swatch increases the width (up to four times the original width), dragging below it decreases the width (down to zero). With this feature, quick yet precise stroke width adjustments are possible without opening any dialogs or menus.

Tool switching by input device

Tablets and other input devices that report separate hardware (e.g. pen tip and eraser on the two ends of the pen) are now recognized and current tool can be set to change (to Calligraphic Pen or Eraser) in response to the physical tool being used.

Layers

  • The Layers dialog now can hide or show all layers other than the current: click on the layer name with right mouse button to get the pop-up menu. The Solo feature allows you to quickly switch between working layers and check their content in isolation.
  • A new command, Duplicate Layer, has been added to the Layers menu to duplicate an existing layer with all of its objects (even hidden or locked) and any sub-layers.
  • The Add Layer dialog can be opened with Ctrl+Shift+N (N for new).
  • Layer names can now be non-unique within the document.
  • Several layer handling inconsistencies have been fixed.

Editing bitmaps in an external editor

Linked (but not embedded) bitmaps can be edited in an external application. Right-click an image and choose Edit externally...

An image will reload when its linked file changes on disk. Both the external editor application to use and the reload behavior are configurable on the Bitmaps page of the Inkscape Preferences dialog.

Command for relinking clones

A new command, Relink Clone to Copied in Edit > Clone, allows you to relink any clone to a different original object without changing its other properties. Just copy (Ctrl+C) the object you want to be the new original, select any number of clones, and choose the Relink command. Now all selected clones are linked to the copied object.

Note that this may cause the clone to move if the new original and the old original objects are in different positions.

Automatic relinking of clones on Duplicate

If you turn on the When duplicating original+clones: Relink duplicated clones option on the Clones tab of Inkscape Preferences (default is off), duplicating a selection containing both a clone and its original (possibly in groups) will relink the duplicated clone to the duplicated original instead of the old original.

Pattern editing

When editing pattern fills:

  • The pattern origin and scale handles now snap.
  • The pattern scaling can now be different in X and Y direction. Press Ctrl to have a fixed 1:1 ratio scaling (old behavior).
  • The handles are now positioned at the corners of the unit cell, instead of only a quarter of that cell as before. So, now a rectangle filled with pattern will have all of the pattern handles in the corners, making it harder to manipulate them. However, the handles can be dragged outside the rectangle by moving the pattern's origin handle.

Transform dialog: spacing out option

Previously, the Apply to each object separately checkbox had no effect for the Move tab of the Transform dialog (Ctrl+Shift+M). Now, if several objects are selected, this checkbox is on, and "Relative move" is on, each object is shifted relative to the closest selected object on the left (for X) or below (for Y).

For example, if you have a horizontal row of objects and you move them relatively by x = 5 px with "Apply to each object separately" on, the leftmost object will shift by 5px, the next one to the right by 10px, and so on; the rightmost selected object is displaced by 5*n px where n is the number of selected objects. As a result, the distance in each pair of adjacent objects will increase by 5px and the whole row will be spaced out, much like a letterspacing adjustment spaces out a text string. Moving these objects by X=-5px will, conversely, squeeze them tighter together: the leftmost will move by -5px, the next one by -10px, and so on. For Y, the effect is the same except that the move starts from the object closest to the bottom (i.e. with smallest Y coordinate).

When determining the order of shifting objects, for X, the left edges of their bounding boxes are sorted horizontally, and for Y, the bottoms of their bounding boxes are sorted vertically. The order of selecting the objects or their z-order do not matter.

Converting text to path produces a group

Converting a text or flowed text to path (Ctrl+Shift+C) now produces a group of paths, one path for each glyph of text, instead of a single monolithic path as before. Apart from easier manipulation, an additional advantage is that if your text contained styled spans (i.e. fragments with different color, opacity, or other properties), these styles will be preserved by the corresponding glyph paths after the conversion. You can still easily get a single path out of such a group by selecting it and doing Combine (Ctrl+K).

Combine works on groups

The Combine command now works transparently on groups, i.e. combines paths inside selected groups at any level of grouping.

Exclusion works on multiple paths

The Exclusion boolean operation can now operate on an arbitrary number of paths.

No more Whiteboard

The configure flag for Whiteboard has been removed since the feature was non-functional. This menu item will no longer exist in the releases until it is properly fixed to avoid any confusion.

Save As directory

On the Save tab in Inkscape Preferences, an option was added to change the behavior to our old behavior. When this option is on, the "Save as..." dialog will always open in the directory where the currently open document is. When it's off, it will open in the directory where you last saved a file using that dialog..

Packaging Improvements

Packaging for OSX and Windows has been worked on heavily and greatly improved during this release cycle. Inkscape also now has a Portable version available for Windows.

User interface

Inkscape Preferences dialog

  • This dialog has been rearranged for more logical grouping of options. New pages have been added: Bitmaps (options for the new update-on-file-change and external editor features), UI (options for toolbar icon sizes), SVG Output (options for SVG formatting, introduced in 0.46 and now editable from the dialog as well), and Save (save directory and autosave options).

Bitmap Copy resolution

  • A new option on the Bitmaps tab, Resolution for Create Bitmap Copy, allows you to set the resolution of the bitmap created by the corresponding command (by default bound to Alt+B). The default value of 90 dpi forces the resulting bitmap to align with the default 1px-spaced grid on the canvas.

Zoom correction factor

  • The Interface tab has an adjustable ruler for Zoom correction factor. Move the slider until the ruler's on-screen size matches its true size. This is used as a reference point for the 100% (original size) zoom command.

Interface language choice

  • The application's interface language can be set from the preferences dialog, Interface tab. You'll have to restart Inkscape for this choice to take effect.

Toolbars

  • On the Interface tab, the toolbar icon sizes for the three main toolbars are now separately configurable and to a few different sizes. This allows for a more compact user interface.
  • The vertical toolbox has been converted to a standard GtkToolbar, which fixed the problem of it pushing the main window taller. Tools that don't fit automatically go into a popup menu.
  • When torn off, toolbars now keep the size they last had in the main window. They can be resized by docking, resizing the main window, and then undocking again.
  • Some controls (such as the Width in Calligraphic/Tweak/Eraser tools, Tremor, Wiggle, and Mass in Calligraphic, Threshold in Paintbucket, Tolerance in Pencil) are converted from numeric editable fields into draggable sliders, with labels and values (usually in the range 0..100) displayed on top. As these values don't usually require high precision, this makes adjusting them much easier and faster.

Clone/original visualization

When you press Shift+D to find and select the original of the selected clone, Inkscape draws a dashed blue line between the centers of the bounding boxes of the clone and the original. This line disappears after one second.

File dialogs

  • The Windows builds of Inkscape now have Windows-native file dialogs to keep consistency with other Windows applications.
  • Two new entries in the File type list, All Bitmaps and All Vectors, allow you to limit the listing to bitmap or vector formats only.

Document Properties dialog

  • New Color Management tab. In this new tab, you can declare multiple ICC color profiles for the current document.
  • New Script tab. ?

Object Properties dialog

  • New Title and Description fields. The Title attribute is intended to be used as tooltip. [sas]
  • New Interactivity section to add JavaScript calls.

Miscellaneous

  • The confusing icons on buttons in the controls bar of the Dropper tool (pick/assign opacity) are replaced by text labels.
  • Hovering over a swatch now shows the name of the swatch in the status bar. This makes it easier for tablet users to identify a swatch by name, as holding a stylus still enough for the tooltip to show up may be difficult.
  • In the Align and Distribute dialog, there is an option to treat all selected objects as a group when aligning. This spares the trouble of manually grouping them, aligning, and ungrouping afterwards.

Notable bug fixes

  • Several memory leaks are stopped, reducing the memory consumption during long editing sessions considerably. Closing the last window with a document now frees memory used by that document immediately.
  • Copy/paste between Inkscape and other programs, as well as between different Inkscape instances, finally works as expected.
  • No more ID clashes on import and paste: previously, importing or pasting SVG objects might sometimes distort their colors, because the imported objects referred to gradients with the same IDs as those that already exist in the document but look different. Now, IDs of all gradients in the pasted document are checked for clashes with those in the host document, and if necessary changed with all their users updated correspondingly, so such unexpected color changes will never happen.
  • The visual bounding box (which is the default bounding box type used by Inkscape) of an object with a filter applied now includes the expanded area of the filter. For single blur filter (such as the blur you apply with a slider in the Fill and Stroke dialog), this expands the bounding box by 2.4*radius; although theoretically, blur is infinite, this is the distance at which the opacity of the object drops below the perceptibility threshold of our renderer. For all other filters, the area is expanded by the relative amounts you specify on the "Filter general settings" tab of the Filter Editor dialog.
Only visual bounding box is affected; if you use geometric bounding box, you will notice no change in most cases. However, the Export Bitmap dialog always uses the visual bounding box for selection of the export area; this means that you can now export a blurred object to bitmap without any clipping of the blur.
  • Bounding box calculation does not include the invisible objects, bug #252547.
  • Various fixes to PS and PDF rendering of objects involving masks, patterns, and/or bitmaps: bug #208217, bug #217212 and others.
  • File dialogs (Open, Save, Save as) now remember the last visited directory.
  • The --vacuum-defs command line parameter erroneously deleted markers which are in use.
  • No more garbage lines in Outline mode.
  • No more artifacts left by the circle cursor in Tweak tool.
  • The Bend Path and Pattern along Path path effects now work correctly with closed paths.
  • Several viewBox related bugs fixed:
  • Documents with viewBox are now editable without transformation defects. In particular this affected documents created with e.g. pstoedit. bug #168370
  • Resizing the page adjusts viewBox bug #167682.
  • preserveAspectRatio parsing code was fixed bug #166885.
  • Several fixes allow Inkscape to correctly render and edit SVG files that use currentColor in objects' style (this includes files created by gnuplot).
  • Inkscape is now able to handle paths with only 'movetos', i.e. "M 0,0 M 1,1 M 2,2". These kind of paths can be used to only show markers on a path without the rest of the path visible.
  • Open paths (as opposed to closed) are now correctly drawn when start and end points are equal (SVG test suite paths-data-10-t.svg).
  • The shorthand 'marker' property is now correctly interpreted (SVG test suite painting-marker-03-f.svg).
  • Coordinates and lengths specified in percentages are now correctly interpreted (SVG test suite coords-units-02-b.svg).
  • Horizontally scrolling the canvas with a tilt wheel (present on several Logitech mice such as the LX5) in the Bezier tool will no longer finish the path being drawn.


Known issues

  • First time opening of the drop-down list with font families in Text tool may be slow, especially if you have many fonts installed. Subsequent accesses of this list are fast.

Previous releases